Dialogue Patterns in Mahmoud Darwish’s “Mural”

Maha Mahmoud Otoum, Ismail Suliman Al Mazaidh


This study aims at reading Mahmoud Darwish’s collection of poems “Mural” through an artistic technique, which is the dialogue with all its different patterns and types. The study will clarify the development of Darwish’s poem and his dramatic and epic lyrical spirit, and introduce a definition of these patterns and the way the Darwishian poem extends through them, as well as how its artistic and thematic discourse matures through them, reaching the level of universal poetic experiments in form and content.
After that, the deals with defining dialogue as the central element in the dramatic structure and in the research, by defining it and connecting it with the other dramatic elements such as action, event, conflict and the interactive relationship among them theoretically and practically. The study introduces the three dialogue patterns, which are: the external dialogue, the internal dialogue, and the plurality of voices.
The study has deduced, through studying and analyzing the poem, the role of external dialogue in demonstrating the poet’s quotes and his poetic speech through “the other,” with its different images, in the text. By using internal dialogue the poet reveals his inner feelings and his internal conflict, and this deepens the single dialogue, rescues it from simplification and leads to plurality of track, as well as, artistic and aesthetic complexity. Using plurality of voices, the poet introduces death as a third party, with which he engages in dialogue, as death seems to be the central character in the poem which enriched the text with an attempt to confirm the ego and the self in death’s conflict with them.


Mahmoud Darwish; The mural; Dialogue patterns; Arabic poetry

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/8935


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