Corpus-Based Study of Chinese EFL Learners’ Use of Adverbial Ing-clauses



Based on the corpora TECCL (V1.1) and LOCNESS, the study investigates Chinese EFL learners’ use of adverbial “ing-clauses” in writing and compares it with that by native speakers. The research findings suggest 1) Chinese EFL learners significantly underuse adverbial “ing-clauses” as a whole compared with native counterparts; 2) Both learners and native speakers prefer to use adverbial -ing clauses after subject-predicate structure, while native speakers are inclined to use more adverbial -ing clauses after the subject-predicate structure; 3) learners significantly underuse adverbial -ing clauses as circumstance adverbials as a whole and stance adverbials, but they tend to overuse circumstance adverbial “ing-clauses” denoting accompaniment or condition; 4) Learners underuse adverbial “ing-clauses” preceded by subordinate conjunctions or adverbs. The factors underlying what is found in learners’ use of adverbial “ing-clauses” may be due to interlingual differences, transfer of learner’ s mother tongue and learners’ inadequate proficiency in mastering adverbial “ing-clauses”.





Corpus; Chinese EFL learners; Adverbial ing-clauses; Contrastive interlanguage analysis

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