Water Resources and Sub-Saharan African Economy: Anthropogenic Climate Change, Wastewater, and Sustainable Development in Nigeria

Adebisi David Alade

Abstract


Studies have shown that there exists serious competition for freshwater for domestic uses and for the sustenance of agricultural activities in Nigeria. Based on this competition, this study seeks to interrogate how wastewater could be harnessed for development of agriculture in Nigeria. In view of the country’s dwindling economy amidst the current escalating herders-farmers’ conflict over resources for their respective economic activities, water security perspective contributes to our understanding of the roles that resource management can play in economic crisis than other commonly cited factors like income inequality, poor land use policies, ethnicity, and political instability. This paper argues that with Africa’s epileptic economy and increasing population in this climate change era, attainment of some Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030 is unrealistic. The study submits that there is the need for a paradigm shift in wastewater perception in Africa, south of the Sahara as this would reduce pressure on freshwater and fast-track sustainable development through increase in agricultural production.


Keywords


Agriculture; Climate change; Food security; Nigeria; Water resources; Wastewater

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/11293

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