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Author Guidelines

Submit an Article

This guide describes how to prepare contributions for submission. We strongly recommend you read this in full if you have not previously submitted a contribution to CSCanda. We also suggest that before submission you familiarize yourself with CSCanada's style and content by reading the journals, either in print or online, especially if you have not submitted to our journals recently.

Table of contents

1. Formats for CSCanada contributions

All the manuscripts should be sent by email as an attachment to relative email address and should be typed in single line spacing and 10 pt.

1.1 Research Articles

Research Articles are innovative reports whose conclusions represent a substantial advance in the understanding of a significant problem and have directly, far-reaching implications. They should have no more than 60 references.

Research articles are typically 3,000~20,000 words of text (including references, notes and captions, or ~30 printed pages) are expected to present a major advance.

Research Articles include an abstract, an introduction, up to six figures or tables, sections with brief subheadings (less than six in total and less than 40 characters). Materials and Methods should usually be included which will also be needed to support the paper's conclusions.

1.2 Letters

Letters are short reports of creative research focused on an outstanding finding whose importance means that it will be of interest to scientists in other fields. They should have less than 30 references.

They begin with a fully referenced paragraph, of about 200 words, (definitely no more than 300 words) aimed at readers in other disciplines. The letters (up to ~2500 words including references, notes and captions or ~3 printed pages) should include an abstract, an introductory paragraph, up to four figures or tables. Materials and Methods should usually be included, which should be needed to support the paper's conclusions.

1.3 Reviews

Reviews (up to 4500 words including references, notes and captions) describe new developments of interdisciplinary significance and highlight future directions. They include an abstract, an introduction that outlines the main theme, brief subheadings, and an outline of important unresolved questions. A maximum of 50 references is suggested. Most Reviews are solicited by the editors, but unsolicited submissions may also be considered.

1.4 Other contributions to CSCanada

CSCanada also publishes News and Comment, Correspondence, Opinion, Book & Arts, Futures, News and Views, Perspectives, Insights, Outlooks, Analyses, Hypotheses, and Technology features. Please see

2. Manuscript selection

Manuscripts should be clear and simple so that they are accessible to readers in other disciplines and to readers for whom English is not their first language. Authors are notified of decisions by e-mail or phone. Repeated submissions of the same manuscript will not be acknowledged. CSCanada treats all submitted manuscripts as confidential documents. Our peer review process is also confidential and identities of reviewers are not released. Research papers that are selected for in-depth review are evaluated by at least two outside referees. Reviewers are contacted before being sent a paper and asked to return comments within 1 to 2 weeks for most papers. We are able to expedite the review process significantly for papers that require rapid assessment. Selected papers are edited to improve accuracy and clarity and for length. Papers cannot be resubmitted over a disagreement on interest or relative merit. If a paper was rejected on the basis of serious reviewer error, resubmission may be considered. In some cases, reviewers are satisfied that a paper's conclusions are adequately supported by the data presented, but the general interest of the findings is not sufficient to justify publication in CSCanada. In such a case, the authors will be offered the opportunity for publication with additional review required when reviewers have asked for supplementary experiments during revision. In this case again, reviewers and editors may find an appropriately worded version of the paper to be acceptable for publication without further in depth review.

CSCanada makes decisions about submitted papers as rapidly as possible. All manuscripts are handled electronically throughout the consideration process. Authors are usually informed within a week if the paper is not being considered.

3. Format of Research Articles, Letters and Review

Manuscripts are preferred to be presented in the following order:
  1. title
  2. abstract and keywords
  3. text
  4. end notes
  5. references
  6. appendices
  7. figure legends
  8. tables (each table complete with title and footnotes)
  9. figures

3.1 Title

Titles do not exceed two lines in print. This equates to 90 characters (including spaces) for Letters or 75 characters (including spaces) for Research Articles. Titles do not normally include numbers, acronyms, abbreviations or punctuation. They should include sufficient detail for indexing purposes but be general enough for readers outside the field to appreciate what the paper is about.

3.2 Abstract

We suggest each manuscript should accompany a structured abstract to explain to the general reader why the research was done and why the results are significant. A structured abstract should include such contents: the purpose of the research, the materials and methods and the results. Please do not include citations or undefined abbreviations in the abstract. The preferred length of the abstract is less than 300.

3.3 Text

Research articles should fill no more than 5 pages, and Letters no more than 3 pages. A typical Research article contains about 3,500 words of text and, additionally, up to six small display items (figures and/or tables) with brief legends, reference list and methods section if applicable. A typical Letter to CSCanada contains about 2,500 words of text (including the first paragraph of Letters, figure legends, reference list and the methods section if applicable) and four small display items (figures and/or tables) with brief legends. A composite figure (with several panels) usually needs to take about half a page, equivalent to about 600 words, in order for all the elements to be visible. Our preferred format for is APA and MSWord is also acceptable. We prefer the use of a 'standard' font, preferably 10-point Times New Roman. For mathematical symbols, Greek letters and other special characters, use normal text or Symbol font. Word Equation Editor/Math Type should be used only for formulae that cannot be produced using normal text or Symbol font.

3.4 Methods

If brief (less than 200 words), they can be included in the text at an appropriate place. Otherwise, they should be described at the end of the text in a 400-word (maximum) 'Methods Summary'. Detailed descriptions of methods already published should be avoided. If more space is required for Methods, the author should include the section 'Methods Summary' and provide an additional 'Methods' section at the paper. The Methods section should not normally exceed 1,000 words of text, and should be subdivided by short bold headings referring to methods used. If both a Methods Summary and additional Methods section are required, the Methods Summary will appear in print only but will not appear in the online version of the paper. Therefore, any critical information in the Methods Summary should also be incorporated into the Methods section.

3.5 End notes

End notes are brief and follow the reference list. Papers containing supplementary information contain a statement after the reference list:

Acknowledgements should be brief, and should not include thanks to anonymous referees and editors, inessential words, or effusive comments. Acknowledgements can contain grant and contribution numbers. Author Contributions: authors are required to include a statement to specify the contributions of each co-author. The statement can be up to several sentences long, describing the tasks of individual authors referred to by their initials.

3.6 References

References are each numbered, ordered sequentially as they appear in the text, methods summary, tables, boxes, figure legends, online-only methods in our nature science and engineering journals. When cited in the text, reference numbers are superscript, not in brackets unless they are likely to be confused with a superscript number. The maximum number of references, strictly enforced, is 60 for Research articles and 30 for Letters. Only one publication can be listed for each number. We preferred articles that have been published or submitted to a named publication in the reference list; papers in preparation should be mentioned in the text with a list of authors (or initials if any of the authors are co-authors of the present contribution).Published conference abstracts, numbered patents and preprints on recognized servers may be included in reference lists, but text, grant details and acknowledgements may not. Please follow the style below in the published edition of CSCanada in preparing reference lists.


We advise the authors to use the APA style to write the references list. You can visit for detail information. There are some examples for APA style.


  • Author A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article, Title of Periodical, xx(xx), xxx-xxx. doi: xx.xxxxxxxxxx
  • Author A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (in press). Title of article, Title of Periodical. Retrieved from
  • Article title. (Year, Month). Newsletter source. Retrived from
  • Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Article title. Newspaper title. pp.xx-xx.
  • Author A. A. (Year). Book title [Version]. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx
  • Author A. A. (Year). Book title [Version]. Retrieved from
  • Author A. A. (Year). Book title. Location: Publisher.

3.7 Tables

Tables should each be presented portrait (not landscape) direction and upright on the page, not sideways. Tables have a short, one-line title in bold text. Tables should be as small as possible. Symbols and abbreviations are definite immediately below the table, followed by essential descriptive material as briefly as possible, all in double-spaced text. We also use APA format on tables you can visit for detail information. Here is the example.

Table 1

Error Rates of Older and Younger Groups

Number #Group 1Group 2Group 3Older 1Younger 1Total

Top line: 1.5 pt
Middle line: 0.25 pt
Bottom line: 2.25 pt

3.8 Figures

CSCanada requires figures in electronic format.

Figures should be as small and simple as is compatible with clarity. The goal is for figures to be comprehensible to readers in other or related disciplines, and to assist their understanding of the paper. Unnecessary figures and parts (panels) of figures should be avoided. Avoid unnecessary complexity, colorful and over amount of details. For instruction, CSCanada standard figure sizes are 95 mm (single column) and 190mm (double column) and the full depth of the page is 283mm.

Some brief guidance for figure preparation:

  • The figures also are suggested in APA format you can visit for detail information.
  • Units should have a single space between the number and the unit, and follow SI nomenclature or the nomenclature common to a particular field. Thousands should be separated by commas (1,000). Unusual units or abbreviations are defined in the legend.
  • Scale bars should be used rather than magnification factors.
  • Where possible, text, including keys to symbols, should be provided in the legend rather than on the figure itself.
  • Figure quality

At initial submission, figures should be at good quality to be assessed by referees, ideally as JPEGs, PNGs, and BMPs. The suggest size of each figure is less than 600KB since we cannot accept large attachments.

4. Submission

Articles now are be submitted on our website or you can turn in your paper from Email:,,

Please be sure to read the information on what to include as essential content-related issues when putting a submission together. CSCanada authors must make data and materials publicly available upon publication. This includes deposition of data into the related databases and arranging for them to be publicly released on the online publication date.



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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. 1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).

    2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.

    3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.

    4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 10-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.

    5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

    6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.


Copyright Notice

By submitting a manuscript to Canadian Social Science, the author(s) acknowledge and agree to the following terms and conditions:


Retention of Copyright: The author(s) retain the copyright of their work, granting Canadian Social Science a non-exclusive license to publish the article under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). This license allows the work to be shared, adapted, and built upon, with proper attribution given to the original author(s).


Assignment of Rights: In addition to the non-exclusive license granted to Canadian Social Science, the author(s) also assign to the journal the rights to edit, publish, reproduce, distribute copies, prepare derivative works, include in indexes or search databases in print, electronic, or other media, whether or not in use at the time of execution of this agreement, and claim copyright in said work throughout the world for the full duration of the copyright and any renewals or extensions thereof.


Publication and Distribution: Upon acceptance, the article will be published and made freely available to the public on the Canadian Social Science website and other affiliated platforms. Canadian Social Science is granted the first publication right, meaning that the article will be published by Canadian Social Science before it may be published elsewhere.


Attribution: Any use, distribution, or reproduction of the published article must include an appropriate acknowledgment of the original author(s), the article's title, a reference to Canadian Social Science as the original source of publication, and a statement indicating that the article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Author Responsibility: The author(s) are responsible for obtaining any necessary permissions, licenses, or approvals for the use of copyrighted materials included in their manuscript, including but not limited to figures, tables, images, and excerpts from other publications. Canadian Social Science is not liable for any copyright infringements caused by the author(s).


Plagiarism and Ethical Standards: The author(s) affirm that the submitted manuscript is their original work and does not infringe upon the intellectual property rights of any individual or entity. The work should not have been previously published or submitted to any other publication for consideration. Any potential conflicts of interest or ethical concerns related to the research should be disclosed.


Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are solely those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of Canadian Social Science or its editorial team.


Legal Compliance: The author(s) agree to comply with all applicable laws, regulations, and ethical guidelines related to publishing and research, including but not limited to plagiarism, copyright infringement, and confidentiality of human subjects.


Liability: While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy and integrity of the published articles, Canadian Social Science and its editorial team do not accept any liability or responsibility for any errors, omissions, or consequences arising from the use of the published material.


By submitting a manuscript to Canadian Social Science, the author(s) affirm their understanding and acceptance of these copyright terms.


Privacy Statement


Privacy Statement for Canadian Social Science Journal


At Canadian Social Science, we take your privacy seriously and are committed to protecting your personal information. This Privacy Statement outlines how we collect, use, disclose, and safeguard your data when you interact with our journal.


Information Collection: We may collect personal information such as your name, email address, affiliation, and other details when you submit a manuscript, register as a reviewer, or engage in other journal-related activities.


Use of Information: Your personal information is utilized for journal-related purposes only, including manuscript processing, peer review management, communication, and journal improvement.


Reviewer Anonymity: During the peer review process, reviewer identities are kept confidential, and the content of reviews remains anonymous to authors.


Data Protection: We implement security measures to protect your personal information from unauthorized access, use, or disclosure. Only authorized personnel have access to your data.


Third-Party Involvement: We do not sell, trade, or transfer your personal information to external parties for marketing purposes. Your data may be shared with trusted service providers assisting in journal operations, subject to strict confidentiality agreements.


Publication: If your manuscript is accepted for publication, certain personal information (e.g., author names, affiliations) will be disclosed publicly as part of the published article.


Cookies and Tracking: Our website may use cookies and tracking technologies to enhance your browsing experience and gather non-identifiable information about website usage.


Links to External Sites: Our website may contain links to external sites. We are not responsible for the privacy practices or content of these third-party websites.


Legal Compliance: We may disclose your personal information when required by law, court order, or governmental authority.


Consent: By submitting your personal information to Canadian Social Science, you consent to the collection, use, and disclosure as outlined in this Privacy Statement.


Updates: We may update this Privacy Statement from time to time. The most recent version will be available on our website, and significant changes will be communicated directly to relevant parties.


For any privacy-related concerns or inquiries, please contact our Privacy Officer at  We will address your concerns promptly and with utmost diligence.


Author Fees

This journal charges the following author fees.

Article Submission: 0.00 (USD)
Authors are required to pay an Article Submission Fee (0 US dollar) as part of the submission process to contribute to review costs.

Fast-Track Review: 0.00 (USD)
With the payment of this fee, the review, editorial decision, and author notification on this manuscript is guaranteed to take place within 4 weeks.

Article Publication: 680.00 (USD)

If this paper is accepted for publication, you will be asked to pay an Article Publication Fee to cover publications costs.

As for an Open Access journal, provides free, unrestricted online access to the scholarly literature to anyone in the world.

At CSCanada, we are convinced that everyone – not only scientists - can benefit from research results, and we publish all our articles exclusively under open access distribution, with a Creative Commons attribution license agreement. Readers have the right to use, distribute, and reproduce in any medium, provided the source is properly cited.

CSCanada journals use a business model in which our expenses: Including those of editing, type-setting, printing, express, storing, tier-climbing, peer evaluation, online hosting and archiving of the article, — are recovered in part by charging a publication fee to the authors or research sponsors for each article they publish.

At CSCanada, we offer our authors the flexibility of multiple payment options that are swift, reliable, and secure. We accept payments by Credit Card, PayPal, Money Gram, Western Union, and Bank Transfer. If you have any question on payment, please do not hesitate to contact our editor:

Waiver Policy

CANADIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE offers waivers to authors from Lower middle-Income Countries, and authors from Lower-Income Countries depending on the quality of work and other special considerations.

CANADIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE reserves the right to approve or reject any waiver application.