Different Levels of Anxiety Among Chinese EFL learners in Malaysian Public Universities

Chunli ZHAO, Yanan ZHANG


This study aims to investigate different levels and types of anxiety among Chinese EFL learners studying at one of the public universities in Malaysia. The participants of this research consisted of 50 student’ altogether who are studying in University of Malaya, including 25 males and 25 females. English Learning Anxiety Survey (ELAS) is used for collection data, which is adopted from Lee (2011). The data was then analyzed by using descriptive statistics and comparative statistics. The findings reviewed that Chinese EFL learners experienced three categories of anxiety, that is, communication anxiety, test anxiety, and fear of negative evaluation. The findings also show that there is significant relationship between gender and English language learning anxiety.


Anxiety; Language learning; Chinese EFL learners

Full Text:



Bailey, K. M. (1983). Competitiveness and anxiety in adult second language learning: Looking at and through the diary studies. In H. W. Seliger, & M. H. Long (Eds.), Classroom oriented research in second language acquisition. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.

Campbell, C. M., & Ortiz, J. A. (1991). Helping students overcome foreign language anxiety: A foreign language anxiety workshop. In E. K. Horwitz & D. J. Young (Eds.), Language anxiety: From theory and research to classroom implications (pp.153-168). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prntice-Hall.

Cheng, Y. S. (1998). A qualitative inquiry of second language anxiety: Interviews with Taiwanese EFL students. The Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on English Teaching, 1, 309-320. Taipei: Crane.

Hembree, R. (1988). Correlates, causes, effects and treatment of test anxiety. Review of Educational Research, 58(1), 47-77.

Horwitz, E. K. (1986). Preliminary evidence for the reliability and validity of a foreign language anxiety scale. TESOL Quarterly, 20 (3), 559-562.

Lee, M.-L. (2011). Differences in the Learning Anxieties Affecting College Freshman Students of EFL. In R. Jaidev, M. L. C. Sadorra, W. J. Onn, L. M. Cherk, & B. P. Lorente (Eds.), Global Perspectives, Local Initiatives (1st ed., pp.169-182). National University of Singapore: Centre for English Language Communication.

Maclntyre, P. D., & R. C. Gardner, ( 1994 ). The subtle effects of language anxiety on cognitive processing in the second language. Language Learning, 44, 28-305 .

Na, Z. (2007). A study of high school students’ English learning anxiety. The Asian EFL Journal, 9(3), 22-34.

Phillips, E. M. (1992). The effects of language anxiety on student oral test performance and attitudes. The Modern Language Journal, 76, 14-26.

Scott, M. L. (1986). Student affective reactions to oral language tests. Language Testing, 3, 99-118.

Tasnimi, M. (2009). Affective factors: Anxiety. Journal of Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics, 13(2), 117-124. Retrieved from ERIC Database.

Turner, J. (1977 ). Psychology for the classroom. London: Methuen.

Von Worde, R. (2003). Students’ perspectives on foreign language anxiety. Inquiry, 8(1), Retrieved from ERIC Database.

Williams, K. E., & Andrade, M. R. (2008). Foreign language learning anxiety in Japanese EFL university classes: Causes, coping, and locus of control. Foreign Language Teaching, 5(2), 181-191.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/8415


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Studies in Literature and Language

Share us to:   


Online Submissionhttp://cscanada.org/index.php/sll/submission/wizard


How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.

We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; sll@cscanada.net; sll@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Studies in Literature and Language are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address: 1055 Rue Lucien-L'Allier, Unit #772, Montreal, QC H3G 3C4, Canada.
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://www.cscanada.net; Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailoffice@cscanada.net; office@cscanada.org; caooc@hotmail.com

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture