A Study of Metacognitive Strategy Training for College Language Low Achievers

Lihua TANG


Language high achievers and language low achievers vary considerably in metacognitive strategy use. This study carried out a metacognitive strategy training session and it was conducted with the 105 low achievers (47 of them belonging to the experimental group and 58 of them belonging to the control group) by applying a newly constructed training model from the integration of Oxford’s (1990) eight-step model with Cohen’s 1997 Strategies-based Instruction (SBI).The results indicate that the training can greatly enhance both metacognitive strategy use and language proficiency and that the metacognitive strategy has great impact on the language low achievers and the training is effective.


Language Low Achievers; Metacognitive Strategies; Questionnaire; Training

Full Text:



Cohen, A. D. (1998). Strategies in learning and using a second language. Harlow, Essex: Longman.

Ellis, R. (1994) The study of second language acquisition. Oxford University Press.

Liu, Y. C. (2002). The case study between LHAs and LLAs in strategies using. Foreign Language World, (2).

Liu, R. Q. (2003). Psychology for language teachers: A social constructivist approach. Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press.

O’Malley, J. M., & Chamot, A. U. (1990). Learning strategies in second language acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

O’Malley, J. M., Chamot, A. U., Stewner-Manzanares, G., Russo, R. P., & Kupper, L. (1985). Learning Strategies Used by Beginning and Intermediate ESL Students. Language Learning, 35.

Oxford, R. L. (1990). Language learning strategies: What every teacher should know. Newbury House/Harper Collins, NY.

Rubin. (1975). What the “good language learner” can teach us. TESOL Quarterly, 9.

Wenden, A. (2002). Learner development in language learning. Applied Linguistics 23, 32-55.

Zhu, Y. (2005). Language learning strategy instruction with English majors: A study in the Chinese context (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Shanghai International Studies University.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/n


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

Share us to:   


Online Submissionhttp://cscanada.org/index.php/sll/submission/wizard


How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.

We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; sll@cscanada.net; sll@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Studies in Literature and Language are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address: 1055 Rue Lucien-L'Allier, Unit #772, Montreal, QC H3G 3C4, Canada.
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://www.cscanada.net; Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailoffice@cscanada.net; office@cscanada.org; caooc@hotmail.com

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture