Predictability of Vocabulary Size on Learners’ EFL Proficiency: Taking VST, CET4 and CET6 as Instruments

Ling GUI


Vocabulary plays a crucial role in L2 acquisition. This research examined whether Vocabulary Size Test designed by Nation & Beglar (2007) ccould predict learners’ EFL proficiency. 96 Chinese sophomores of non-English majors participated in three tests which included College English Test Band-4 (CET4), College English Test Band-6 (CET6) and Vocabulary Size Test (VST). Result indicated that participants’ vocabulary size was significantly correlated to their scores for CET4, but not to those for CET6. Five explanations were proposed for the results and implications for EFL teaching were also discussed.

Full Text:



Aitchison, J. (1994). Words in the mind: An introduction to the mental lexicon (2nd ed.). Oxford: Blackwell.

Bauer, L., & Nation, I. S. P. (1993). ‘Word families’. International Journal of Lexicography, 6(4), 253-279.

Beglar, D. A. (2010). Rasch-based validation of the vocabulary size test. Language Testing, 27(1), 101-108.

Craik, F. I. M., & Lockhart, R. S. (1972). Depth of processing: A framework for memory research. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 11(6), 671-684.

Ellis, R. (1994). The study of second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fu, J. M. (2013). A study of translation norms from the perspective of global structure. Shanghai Translation, 20(1), 45-51.

Laufer, B. (1998). The development of passive and active vocabulary in second language: Same or different?. Applied Linguistics, 19(2), 255-271.

Li, J. (2002). On the relationship between the depth and breadth of vocabulary and EFL reading. Foreign Languages, 26(2), 65-71.

Li, X. (2007). A study of the relationships between vocabulary size, depth of vocabulary knowledge and overall EFL proficiency. Foreign Language Teaching and Research, 28(5), 21-28.

Lu, M. (2008). Development features of the depth of productive vocabulary knowledge: A study based on English majors’ written English. Theory and Practice of Foreign Languages Teaching, 32(2), 58-65.

Meara, P., & Jones, G. (1998). Vocabulary size as a placement indicator. In Grunwell, P. (Ed.). Applied Linguistics in Society (pp.80-87). London: Center for Information on Language Teaching and Research.

Nation, I. S. P., & Beglar, D. A. (2007). Vocabulary size test. The language Teacher, 31(1), 9-20.

Nation, I. S. P. (1990). Teaching and learning vocabulary. New York: Newbury House Publishers.

Qian, D. D. (1999). Assessing the roles of depth and breadth of vocabulary knowledge in reading comprehension. The Canadian Modern Language Review, 55(2), 282-307.

Read. (1986). English language testing. Beijing: People’s Education Press.

Staehr, L. S. (2009). Vocabulary knowledge and advanced listening comprehension in English as a foreign language. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 31(4), 577-607.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

Share us to:   


Online Submission


How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.

We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:;;

 Articles published in Studies in Literature and Language are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address: 1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada. 
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://; Http://;;

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture