Issues on Revitalization of Endangered Languages From Eco-linguistic View: An Exemplary Analysis of Manchu Language

Hui LI


Ecological view of languages advocates linguistic diversity, endangered language protection and revitalization. Critically endangered Manchu, Altaic Tungus language, has intrigued worldwide interests. Manchu revitalization has been propagated for decades in China, which achieved some kind of success. However, the wholly effects are not optimistic. This paper aims at discussing the existing problems and strategies in Manchu revitalization from the ecological facets of Manchu vitality factors so as to reassess the revitalizing project, which consequently has constructive significances.



Manchu; Endangered language; Language revitalization; Vitality

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