An Empirical Study on Chinese EFL Learners’ Critical Reading Strategies

Haiming ZHOU, Cheng ZHOU


Critical reading is of great importance in foreign language learning. This paper reports an empirical study on Chinese EFL learners’ critical reading strategies. The subjects were 120 senior high school English learners, and the instruments included a questionnaire and a reading test paper. Detailed analysis of the quantitative data by SPSS22.0 has yielded the findings as follows: (1) Most learners were in urgent need of training on the proper choice and use of critical reading strategies. (2) Significant differences were found to exist between high-score and low-score group regarding structure analysis, rhetoric analysis and holistic evaluation. (3) Both high score and low score learners were found be less skilled in using the strategy of background analysis. It is suggested that the positive critical reading strategies should be encouraged and fostered in English language teaching and learning.


Critical reading strategy; Chinese EFL learners; TEFL

Full Text:



Bosley, L. (2008). “I Don’t Teach Reading”: Critical Reading Instruction in Composition Course. Literacy Research Instruction, 47(4), 285-308.

Dewey, J. (1909). Moral principles in education. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Ennis, R. H. (2018). What is critical reading.

Fowler, R., Hodge. B., & Kress, G. (1979). Language and control. London: Routledge.

Garrigus, R. (2002). Design in Reading: An introduction to critical reading. New York: Longman.

Harris, T. L. & R. E. Hodges. (1981). A Dictionary of reading and related terms. Newark: International Reading Association.

Karadag, R. (2014). Primary school teacher candidates’ views towards critical reading skills and perceptions of their competence. Social and Behavioral Sciences, (152), 889-896.

Kato, S. (2012). Bridging theory and practice: Developing lower-level skills in L2 reading. The language Learning Journal, 193-206.

Pirozzi, R. (2003). Critical reading, critical thinking: A contemporary issues approach. New York: Addison-Wesley Educational Publisher Inc.

Lewis, J. (1991). Redefining critical reading for college critical thinking courses. Journal of Reading, (34).

Vivanoc, V. (2012). Critical reading of research articles as oral activator in the language class. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, (3), 120-133.

Wallace, C. (2003). Critical reading in language Education. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Wilson, K. (2016). Critical reading, critical thinking: Delicate scaffolding in English for academic purposes. Thinking Skills and Creativity, (22), 256-265.

He, Q. S., & Ding, X. L. (2003). Critical reading and its strategies. Contemporary Educational Science, (19), 54-55.

Ministry of Education of P. R. C. (2017). English curriculum standards for senior high school. Beijing: People’s Education Press.

Li, H. J. (2010). An exploratory study of assessing EFL critical reading abilities: From specification to implementation. Harbin: Harbin Institute of Technology Press.

Shao, S. P. (2018). An analysis of critical reading ability assessment in NMET I. Journal of Fujian Institute of Education, (1), 98-100.

Wu, Sufen. (2003). English reading Teaching and the cultivation of critical and creative abilities. Research in Teaching, (3), 236-238.

Zhang, C. (2009). The teaching design of English critical reading in senior high school. Journal of Basic English Education, (2), 66-69.

Zhang, S. X., & Xie. W. W. (2012). Critical reading theory: Foundations and strategies. Jiangxi Social Sciences, (7), 261-264.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Haiming Zhou

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Share us to:   


Online Submission


How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.

We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:;;

 Articles published in Studies in Literature and Language are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address: 1055 Rue Lucien-L'Allier, Unit #772, Montreal, QC H3G 3C4, Canada.
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://; Http://;;

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture