EFL Learners’ Creativity and Their Listening Comprehension Strategies

Somaye Piri

Abstract


Listening is one of the fundamental language skills which plays a crucial role in facilitating language learning. However, very little research has been conducted on the relationship between EFL learners’ listening strategy use and their individual differences. Listening strategies are the techniques that we use consciously or unconsciously to understand and interpret the text we are listening and they are directly contributed to the comprehension and recall of listening input. Despite the relatively small number of investigation in the realm of listening strategies, there is a lack of research study investigating them in relation to specific traits or skills. This study aimed at investigating the relationship between creativity and the use of listening comprehension strategies by EFL learners. To this end 45 students at the advanced level were chosen out of 88. The adapted version of Listening Strategy Questionnaire was administered to the subjects to identify their listening strategies. Then, Torrance Test of Creative Thinking was administered to measure their creative abilities. The descriptive analysis indicated that these EFL learners employed meta-cognitive listening strategies more than cognitive strategies and they used cognitive strategies more than socio-affective strategies. The Pearson Correlation analysis showed that there was a statistically high, significant and positive association between Iranian EFL learners’ creative abilities and their listening strategies at <0.01 level. The correlation between creativity and meta-cognitive strategies was higher than those of other strategies, followed by the correlation between creativity and cognitive strategies and then the correlation between creativity socio-affective strategies. In the end, pedagogical implications and areas for further research were provided.


Keywords


Creativity; Listening comprehension; Metacognitive strategies; Cognitive strategies; Socio-affective strategies

Full Text:

PDF

References


Albert, A. (2010). Learner Creativity as a Potentially Important Individual Variable: Examining the Relationships between Learner Creativity, Language Aptitude and Level of Proficiency. Unpublished thesis. Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary.

Danesi, M. (1986).The role of metaphor in second language pedagogy. Rassegna Italiana di Linguistica Applicata, 18 (3), 1–10.

Flowerdew, J., & Miller. L. (2005). Second language listening: Theory and practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Guilford, J. P. (1950). Creativity. American Psychologist, 5, 444-454. Washington: APA Journals.

Guilford, J.P. & Fruchter, B. (1973). Fundamental statistics in psychology and education (5th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Howatt, A. & Dakin, J. (1974). Language laboratory materials, Techniques in Applied Linguistics Edinburgh Course. Applied Linguistics, 3. London, Oxford University Press.

Laviosa, F. (1991). An investigation of the listening strategies of advanced learners of Italian as a second language. Paper, Bridging Theory and Practice in the Foreign Language Classroom. MD: Loyola College.

Liu, H. J. (2008). A study of the interrelationship between listening strategy use, listening proficiency levels, and learning style. RARECLS, 5, 84-104.

Macaro, E., Graham, S., & Vanderplank, R. (2007). A review of listening strategies: Focus on sources of knowledge and on success. In A. Cohen & E. Macaro (eds.), Language learner strategies: 30 years of research and practice (pp.165-185). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McCroskey, J. C., Daly, J. A., Martin, M. M., & Beatty, M. J. (1998). Communication and personality: Trait perspectives. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton.

Nunan, D. (2001). Second Language Teaching and Learning. Beijing. Foreign Language Teaching and Researching Press.

Rubin, J. (1975). What the “good language learner” can teach us. TESOL Quarterly, 9, 41-51.

Ruth, M., H., (2008). Listening: Basic to Creativity and to Business. Retrieved on August 28, 2011, from http://www.creativity-portal.com/articles/mary-ruth/listening-creativity-business.html.

Shi-qiao, Y. (2008). School of foreign languages, Shenzhen polytechnic, Shenzhen 518055,China; A comparative study on listening strategies between effective and ineffective learners of non-english majors in vocational colleges. Journal of Guangzhou City Polytechnic, (03).

Shirani Bidabadi, F. & Yamat, H. (2010). The relationship between listening strategies employed by Iranian EFL Freshman University students and their learning style preferences. European Journal of Social Sciences, 16(3), 342-351.

Skehan, P. (1989). Individual differences in second language learning. London: Edward Arnold.

Vandergrift, L., Goh, C., Mareschal, C., & Tafaghodatari, M. H. (2006). The Metacognitive Awareness Listening Questionnaire (MALQ): Development and validation. Language Learning, 56(3), 431-462.

Yang, C. (2009). A study of metacognitive strategies employed by English listeners. International Education Studies, 2(4), 134-139.

Yang, C. H. (2009). A study of metacognitive strategies employed by English listeners in an EFL setting. International Education Studies, 2(2), 134-139




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/10888

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Somaye Piri

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Share us to:   


Reminder

How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.


We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; sll@cscanada.net; sll@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Studies in Literature and Language are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).

 STUDIES IN LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE Editorial Office

Address: 1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada. 
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://www.cscanada.net; Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailoffice@cscanada.net; office@cscanada.org; caooc@hotmail.com

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture