Racial Politics in Zora Neale Hurston’s “Sweat”, Toni Morrison’s “Recitatif”, and James Baldwin’s “Sonny’s Blues”

Khaoula Chakour

Abstract


The African American literature is a committed literary framework which subsumes a tremendous corpus of works whose intent is to re-echo the variegated traumas African Americans have gone through in the course of history. In doing so, it sheds light on the intricate conundrums of slavery, social discrimination, racism, the African American history, culture and identity, and interracial relationships. In this context, in their short stories “Sweat”, “Recitatif” and “Sonny’s Blues”, Zora Neale Hurston, Toni Morrison and James Baldwin respectively endeavor to foreground the same issue of racial politics, yet each of these authors embrace a quintessentially different perspective.


Keywords


Racial politics; Racism; Sexism; Essentialism; Reconciliation.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Baldwin, J. (2009). Sonny’s blues. In S. Feinstein & D. Rife (Eds.), The jazz fiction anthology (pp.17-48). Indiana UP: Bloomington.

Gillespie, C. (2008). Critical companion to Toni Morrison: A literary reference to her life and work. New York: Facts On File, Inc.

Hurston, Z. N. (1926). Sweat [Online]. Retrieved from http://wwwi.mcpherson.edu/~claryb/en255/handouts/sweat.pdf

Jahn, J. (2007). Neo-African literature: A history of black writing. Quoted in J. M. Reilly, “Sonny’s Blues”: James Baldwin’s Image of Black Community. In H. Bloom (Ed.) Bloom’s modern critical views: James Baldwin (pp.149-155). New York: Infobase Publishing.

Jones, S. L. (2002). Rereading the Harlem renaissance: Race, class, and gender in the fiction of Jessie Fauset, Zora Neale Hurston, and Dorothy West. London: Greenwood Press.

King, L. (2008). The Cambridge introduction to Zora Neale Hurston. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Maynard, M. (2003). ‘Race’, gender and the concept of ‘difference’ in feminist thought. In H. Afshar & M. Maynard (Eds.), The Dynamics of ‘Race’ and Gender: Some Feminist Interventions (pp.9-25). London: Taylor & Francis.

Milne, I. M. (2007). Sweat. Short stories for students, 19, 187-209.

Morrison, T. (1983). Recitatif [Online]. Retrieved from https://www.cusd80.com/cms/lib6/AZ01001175/Centricity/Domain/1073/Morrison_recitatifessay.ddo.pdf

Obadike, M. L. (2003). Music. In E. A. Beaulieu (Ed.), The Toni Morrison encyclopedia (pp.225-230). Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press.

Panish, J. (1997). The color of jazz: Race and representation in postwar American culture. United States: University Press of Mississippi.

Reames, K. L. (2007). Women and race in contemporary U.S. writing: from Faulkner to Morrison. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Werner, C. H., & Shannon, S. G. (2011). Foundations of African American modernism, 1910–1950. In M. Graham & J. W. Ward, J. R. (Eds), The Cambridge History of African American Literature (pp.241-265). New York: Cambridge University Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/10235

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Khaoula Chakour

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Share us to:   


Reminder

How to do online submission to another Journal?

If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.


We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; sll@cscanada.net; sll@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Studies in Literature and Language are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).

 STUDIES IN LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE Editorial Office

Address: 1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada. 
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://www.cscanada.net; Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailoffice@cscanada.net; office@cscanada.org; caooc@hotmail.com

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture