Local Government and Poverty Eradication in Rural Nigeria

Jonathan A. Aderonmu


Poverty is a universal phenomenon that cut across both developed and underdeveloped countries. In Nigeria poverty is deep, widespread and multidimensional, and Nigerians are all victims of this condition in one way or the other even though the degree differs. However, available statistics reveals that poverty is more pronounced among the rural dwellers that form 70% of the country’s population. Efforts by successive government to eradicate poverty especially in the rural areas since independence have not yielded any desirable result in spite of huge amount of resources committed to it. This article focuses on the causes of rural poverty as well as strategies adopted to eradicate it made by successive regimes in Nigeria. It also analysis some of the main weaknesses of the past attempt aimed at eradicating poverty and highlights the potential role that local government can play in poverty eradication efforts. Keywords: Poverty; Causes of Poverty; Local Government; Rural Areas and Poverty Alleviation Programmes Résumé: La pauvreté est un phénomène universel dans les pays développés et sous-développés. Au Nigeria, la pauvreté est profonde, généralisée et multidimensionnelle, et les Nigérians sont touts les victimes de cette condition dans un sens ou dans l'autre, même si le degré diffère. Cependant, les statistiques disponibles révèlent que la pauvreté est plus prononcée chez les habitants des zones rurales qui constituent 70% de la population du pays. Les efforts déployés par les gouvernements successifs pour éradiquer la pauvreté, en particulier dans les zones rurales depuis l'indépendance, n'ont pas donné de résultat souhaitable, en dépit des énormes ressources engagées. Cet article se concentre sur les causes de la pauvreté rurale ainsi que les stratégies adoptées par les régimes successifs au Nigeria pour l'éradiquer. Il analyse également certaines des faiblesses principales de la dernière tentative visant à éradiquer la pauvreté et met en évidence le rôle potentiel que les gouvernements locaux peuvent jouer dans les efforts d'éradication de la pauvreté.Mots-clés: pauvreté; causes de la pauvreté; gouvernements locaux; zones rurales et programmes de lutte contre la pauvreté

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.css.1923669720100605.024


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