Islam Came to South East Asia From China:Evidence from Traditional Chinese Roof Design in Kampung Laut's Old Mosque, Malaysia

Ahmad Sanusi Hassan


The objective of this study is to analyse influences of traditional Chinese roof construction elements to the roof design of Kampung Laut’s Old Mosque in Malaysia. The result of this study can be used as an evidence that Islam came to South East Asia (the Malay Archipelagos) from East (China) in contrast to the most arguments claimed that Islam came from West (India and Arabian region). This study conducts roof construction analysis on Kampung Laut’s Old Mosque (KLOM), which is the oldest mosque in Malaysia. There are several historical studies already shows evidences to support this argument. This argument however will be supported through architectural study. The study on the roof design elements are made in the literature study. The analysis finds that KLOM has principle roof construction elements influenced by Chinese architecture but if compared to its details on construction elements, this analysis finds that there are differences between KLOM and the traditional Chinese buildings. Keywords: Roof design; Chinese; Malay; Kampung Laut’s Old Mosque; ConstructionRésumé: L'objectif de cette étude est d'analyser les influences des éléments de la construction de toit traditional chinois sur la conception du toit de la vieille mosquée de Kampung Laut en Malaisie. Le résultat de cette étude peuvent être utilisé comme une preuve que l'islam est venu en Asie du sud-est (les archipels malais) de l'Est (la Chine) contrairement à la plupart des arguments affirmant que l'Islam est venu de l'Ouest (l'Inde et la région arabe). Cette étude procède à une analyse de la construction de toit de la vieille mosquée de Kampung Laut (VMKL), qui est la plus ancienne mosquée de la Malaisie. Il existe plusieurs études historiques qui ont déjà montré des preuves en tant que l'appui de cet argument. Cet argument, toutefois, sera soutenu par l'étude architecturale. L'étude sur les éléments de la conception de toit est faite dans l'étude littéraire. L'analyse conclut que les éléments principaux de la construction de toit de VMKL sont influencés par l'architecture chinoise, mais si on compare les détails des éléments de construction, on peut trouver qu'il existe des différences entre VMKL et les bâtiments traditionnels chinois.Mots-clés: conception de toit; chinois; malais; vieille mosquée de Kampung Laut; construction

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