Strategic Planning in Municipal Government: the Case of City of Ottawa

S.M. Humayun KABIR


Strategic Planning is a very popular decision-making framework and process for public management. However, theoretically the relationship between ‘strategic planning’ and ‘strategic management’ has been extremely debated as these two concepts have been appeared in some literature interchangeably. The paper is an attempt to see the real relationship between ‘strategic planning’ and ‘strategic management’. Methods: The paper has been written on the basis of qualitative method. The City of Ottawa has been considered as a case to see how the city authority treats strategic planning and strategic management in practice. In fact, the article outlines the theoretical and practical relationship of these two important concepts at municipal level. Results: It appears that strategic planning is an inevitable element of strategic management, which generally appears after strategic formulation. Therefore, strategic planning and strategic management are not the same , though the two terms have been used interchangeably in many literatures. Conclusion: The emergent urbanization and globalization have resulted in municipal governments moving towards strategic planning. The process of strategic planning is multi-layered and complex. The planning should be tied to strategic management to achieve strategic goals and objectives.
Key words: City of Ottawa, Municipal Government, Strategic Analysis, Strategic Management, Strategic Planning
Résumé Objectif : La planification stratégique est un cadre populaire de la prise de décision et un processus du management public. Néanmoins, la relation entre la « planification stratégique » et le « management stratégique » a déjà été discuté profondément, car les deux concepts sont apparus interchangeablement dans des documents. L’article présent tente d’éclairer la relation entre la « planification stratégique » et le « management stratégique ». Méthodes : L’article présent est accompli sur la base de la méthode qualitative. La ville d’Ottawa est considérée comme un exemple pour étudier comment l’autorité municipale procède à la «planification stratégique » et au « management stratégique » dans la pratique. En fait, l’article présent résume la relation théorique et pratique entre les deux concepts au niveau municipal. Résultat : Il semble que la planification stratégique est un élément inévitable du management stratégique, qui apparaît généralement après la formulation stratégique. Ainsi, la planification stratégique et le management stratégique ne sont pas la même chose, bien que ces deux concepts sont utilisés interchangeablement dans certains documents. Conclusion : L’urbanisation et la globalisation émergentes font que le gouvernement municipal se tourne vers la planification stratégique. Le processus de la planification stratégique est complexe et de multi-ordres. La planification doit s’attacher au management stratégique pour réaliser les buts et objectives stratégiques
Mots-Clés: ville d’Ottawa, gouvernement municipal, analyse stratégique, management stratégique, planification stratégique

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