A Comparative Study on Chinese and Western Classical Garden Arts

Wu-zhong ZHOU


The differences and identities of the arts of classical gardens between China and the West are compared in this paper. Due to the differences in natural conditions, historical origins, social environments, cultural backgrounds and religious factors, the gardens in China and the West developed in a diametrically opposite way from the very beginning. The former has been seeking natural beauty, and the later was in pursuit of artificial beauty. Even so, there are many identities, such as the identity of mankind, social identity and material identity, of the gardens between China and the West, which are confirmed by the authors according to the historical facts of exchange between the two. And now, facing the common problems of environment, they both are headed in the same direction towards the natural and ecological gardens, but by different routes.
Key words: Chinese and Western garden arts, differences and similarities, general trend of garden making
Résumé: Vous trouverez par ce présent les différences et les identités des arts des jardins chinois et européens.En raison des différences dans les conditions naturelles , des origines historiques, des environnements sociaux, des contextes culturels et des facteurs religieux, les arts des jardins chinois et européens ont connu du développement de manières absolument différente dès le tout début. Le precedent cherche à la beauté naturelle et le dernier poursuit une beauté artificielle. Cependant, ils possèdent beaucoup comme identités des arts des jardins chinois et européens telles ques celle de l’être humain, sociale et matérielle qui ont été confirmées par les auteurs en fonction des échanges de facteurs historiques entre les deux. Pour le présent, face aux probllèmes communs environnementaux, ils s’orientent tous les deux dans la même direction des jardins naturels et écoloqiques, mais par de différents trajets.
Mots clés: Arts des jardins chinois et européens, différences et similaités, tendance générale de jadinage

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.css.1923669720050103.012


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