Fiscal Incentives on Rural Teachers: What Can China Learn From America?

Jinzhen LU, Ling LI


To solve the problem of rural teacher supplement, many states had explored a variety of fiscal incentive measures under the guidance of federal policies, and these measures have achieved success in some degree, but problems like the deficiency of project design and the inadequacy of compensation led to poor results. The experience of the U.S. will benefit China in the following aspects: Providing financial rewards to rural teachers is necessary, but the amount of incentives should be scientific estimated to ensure its attractiveness; moreover, to improve the capital efficiency, the project design should pay attention to risk prevention; In addition, fiscal incentives should be used with non-fiscal incentives.


America; Rural teacher supplement; Teacher recruitment; Teacher retention; Fiscal incentives

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