Metaphor and Metonymy of Colors in Lawrence’s Fictional Works

Xuan LUO


D. H. Lawrence is one of the most unique and controversial novelists in the twentieth-century English literature. With his abundant legacies of fiction, poetry, and other works, D. H. Lawrence has attracted the critics’ attention from all over the world. However, it is the theme of his novels that the critics mainly focus on, and his strategies in arranging the narration, especially his use of color words, do not receive enough attention. Very few of the critical essays or books have analyzed in detail the color usage in Lawrence’s fictions, though these chromatic terms prevail nearly every piece of his writings. Even fewer answered the questions as to why Lawrence strenuously depicted the colors, and what are the reasons behind this kind of narration. Accordingly this essay takes into account the importance of color usage in Lawrence’s selected fictional works in light of Jakobson’s theory on metaphor and metonymy, seeking to give further insight into Lawrence’s techniques, concerns and objectives.


Color words; Metaphor; Metonymy

Full Text:



Ferber, M. (1999). A dictionary of literary symbols. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Frye, N. (1957). Anatomy of criticism: Four essays. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Ingram, A. (1990). The language of D. H. Lawrence. New York: St. Martin’s Press, Inc..

Jakobson, R. (1956). Two aspects of language and two types of aphasic disturbance. In R. Jacobson & M. Halle (Eds.). Fundamentals of language. The Hague.

Lawrence, D. H. (1971). Studies in classic American literature. London: Penguin Books, Ltd.

Lawrence, D. H. (1987). Study of Thomas Hardy and OTHER ESSAys. B. Steel (Ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lawrence, D. H. (1990). England, my England and other stories. B. Steel (Ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University.

Lawrence, D. H. (1995). The prussian officer and other stories. London: Penguin Books Ltd.

Lawrence, D. H. (2006a). The woman who rode away/ st mawr/ the princess. London: Penguin Books, Ltd..

Lawrence, D. H. (2006b). D. H. Lawrence/ on letters. ( Hei Ma Trans.). Beijing: The Tuanjie Press.

Lodge, D. (1977). The modes of modern writing: Metaphor, metonymy, and the typology of modern literature. London: Edward Arnold (Publishers), Ltd.

Nin, A. (1964). D. H. Lawrence: An unprofessional study. Chicago: The Swallow Press Incorporated.

Roberts, W., & Moore, H. T. (Eds). (1968). Phoenix II: Uncollected, unpublished and other prose works by D. H. Lawrence. London: Heinemann.

Stewart, J. F. (1995). Metaphor and metonymy, color and space, in Lawrence’s “Sea and Sardinia”. Twentieth century literature, 41.2. Retrieved from

Thornton, W. (1993). D. H. Lawrence: A study of the short fiction. New York: Twayne Publishers.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

Share us to:   


  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:;;

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada.

Website: Http:// Http://,

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture