Amlon Dilemma: Another Hilmarton Nightmare in International Commercial Arbitration

Xianming SHI


The Amlon case reflects an unfair phenomenon that the winning party gets a successful award but the enforcement of the award is refused by all relevant countries, and there are no other recourse means or remedies available for the winning party. We may call this embarrassing situation of the winning party in international commercial arbitration as Amlon Dilemma. To work out this dilemma, the New York Convention and national arbitration laws should take some measures, such as adopting the principle of waiver in the proceedings of refusing enforcement, coordinating the proceedings of setting aside in the country of the arbitral forum and the proceedings of refusing enforcement in other countries, and endowing the decision of refusing enforcement made by the court of a country outside the arbitral forum with the effect of invalidating the award in that country.


International commercial arbitration; Amlon dilemma; Resolutions

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