Alessandro Valignano’ Interpretation to Chinese Culture

Jianguo LIU, Yu WANG


Alessandro Valignano was sent to the East for missionary work by the Society of Jesus in 1574 and died in Macao in 1606. During the 32 years of Eastern missionary work, he served as several posts and contributed greatly to the spread of Catholicism in India, China and Japan from the end of the 16th century to the beginning of the 17th century. Especially, he was a far-sighted organizer and planner of the Jesuit Missionary Strategy in China during that time. He had made outstanding contributions including establishing a rational Chinese cultural outlook, changing the missionary strategy in China, implementing the “cultural adaptation policy”, establishing a missionary school to train the missionaries who could master Chinese and be good at cross-cultural communication, so as to be suitable for the future of the Jesuit missionaries and remove some man-made obstacles to adapt to Chinese culture. 



Alessandro Valignano; Missionary strategy; Interpretation of Chinese culture

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