An Exploration on Humboldt’s Philosophy of University

Jiali HU, Yanqian CUI


Wilhelm Von Humboldt is the most influential educational theorist and practitioner in the German educational history, which attributes to the university philosophy proposed by him to establish University of Berlin: university is the best place for self-improvement; the internal organizational principle of university is a combination of teaching and research; in order to ensure university’s academic freedom the relationship between university and state is both independent and dependent; autonomy and intervention should balance with each other; teachers and students in university are no longer the relationship between teaching and learning, but discuss academics together. Therefore, universities become academic community in order to increase knowledge. Even far from era of Humboldt, his philosophy of university still has a profound impact on the higher educational reforms in Germany, the world as well as China.


University philosophy; Self-education; Teaching combined with research; Knowledge community; Academic community

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