Review for Development of Hydraulic Excavator Attachment

YANG Cheng, HUANG Kui, LI Yinwu, WANG Jingchun, ZHOU Meng


The hydraulic excavators are widely used in construction, mining, excavation, and forestry applications. Its diversity and convenient operability make it popular. The performance of hydraulic excavator is depending on its performance of the backhoe front attachment. This paper focuses on the research work of excavator attachment, which mainly includes those aspects, such as the kinematic analysis, dynamic analysis, structural analysis, trajectory planning and control, fatigue life analysis and structural optimization design. and the development trends of excavator attachment,in the near future,are forecasted.

Key words: Excavator; Attachment; Development


Excavator; Attachment; Development

Full Text:



[1] Patel, P. B., & Prajapati, J.M. (2011). Soil-Tool Interaction as a Review for Digging Operation of Mini Hydraulic Excavator. International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 3(2), 894-901.

[2] Uzer, C. C. (2008). Shape Optimization of an Excavator Boom by Using Genetic Algorithm (Master of science dissertation thesis). The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences of Middle East Technical University.

[3] Fernández, J.E. (2001). Materials Selection to Excavator Teeth in Mining Industry. Wear, 250, 11-18.

[4] Guo, Z. J., Deng, Z. Q., & Chen, H. Y. (2007). Two-Dimensional FEA of Bionic Excavator Bucket-Soil on the Interacting Problem. Construction Machinery, (3), 74-77.

[5] Haga, M., Hiroshi, W., & Fujishima, K. (2001). Digging Control System for Hydraulic Excavator. Mechatronics, 11(6), 665-676.

[6] Hall, A.S., & MeAree, P.R. (2004). Robust Bucket Position Tracking for a Large Hydraulic Excavator. Meehanism and Machine Theory, 40(1), l-16.

[7] He, J. L., Liu, P. F., Peng, C., & He, Q. H. (2008). The Hardware-in-Loop Simulation Research About Trajectory Control on Hydraulic Excavator. Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Nature Science Edition), 36(S1), 19-22.

[8] Zhang, W. B., Yang, J. F., Wang, J. M., & Zhang, Q. (2008). Simulation and Application on Work and Motion State of Excavator. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 24 (2), 149-151.

[9] Jiang, Y. D. (2011). Development and Technology Trends of Excavator. Construction Machinery, (6), 43-44.

[10] Li, Y. R. (2006). New Technologies, New Structure and Development Trends of the Foreign Construction Machinery. Mechanical Manufacturing and Automation, (5), 8-10.

[11] Solazzi, L. (2010). Design of Aluminium Boom and Arm for an Excavator. Journal of Terramechanics, 47 (4), 201-207.

[12] Nareshkumar, N. O. (2006). Finite Element Analysis and Optimization of an Earthmoving Equipment Attachment–Backhoe (M. tech Dissertation Thesis). Nirma University, Institute of Technology, Ahmedabad.

[13] Pan, Y., Cheng, H. T. & Jiang, D. Y. (2009).Design and Optimize Base on ADAMS for Excavator Working Device Simulation. Coal Mining Machinery, 30 (3), 15-17.

[14] Pi, J., & Yao, B. (2005). Study on Tracking Intelligent Control of Working Arms of the Excavator. Journal of Jimei University Natural Science, 10(1), 67-70.

[15] Shi, Q. L., Zhang, F. S., & Lian, J. Y. (2009) .Comparison Analysis for Boom Strength of Excavators. Construction Machinery and Equipment, 40(7), 40-43.

[16] Su, M., & Zhang, W. S. (2006). Fracture Analysis of Hydraulic Excavator Working Mechnism. Coal Mine Machinery, 27 (6): 975-976.

[17] Wang, G. B. (2001) .The Development Trend of the Foreign Construction Machinery. Machinery & Electrical New Products Guide, (1-2), 160-162.

[18] Wang, J., & Wang, S. (2002) .The Development of the Walking Excavator. Construction Mechanization, (6), 17-18.

[19] Wszołek, G. (2004), Vibration Analysis of the Excavator Model in GRAFSIM Program on the Basis of a Block Diagram Method. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 157–158, 268–273.

[20] Yang, X. P., & Liu, S. D. (2005). Analysis on Structural Dynamic Characteristics of Hydraulic Shovel. Machine Tool & Hydraulics, (11), 87-88.

[21] Zhang, H., & Zhang, J. (2006). Ramble on Development of Mini Excavator Abroad. Construction Mechanization, (9), 10-13.

[22] Zhang, W.B., Yang, J.F., Wang, J.M., & Zhang, Q. (2008). Simulation and Application on Work and Motion State of Excavator. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 24 (2), 149-151.

[23] Towarek, Z. (2003). Dynamics of a Single-Bucket Excavator on a Deformable Soil Foundation During the Digging of Ground. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 45 (6-7), 1053-1076.



  • There are currently no refbacks.


If you have already registered in Journal A and plan to submit article(s) to Journal B, please click the CATEGORIES, or JOURNALS A-Z on the right side of the "HOME".

We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:;;

Copyright © 2010 Canadian Research & Development Centre of Sciences and Cultures
Address: 758, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138
Http:// Http://