Feasibility of the Application of Common Law Double Tier Model in China from the Burden of Proof Perspective



Since just cause and other behaviors that exclude social harmfulness are not included in constitution of a crime, the distribution of burden of proof is not clear. Behaviors that exclude social harmfulness is the content of the defense of just cause in British and American double tier model and the burden of proof is clear. We cannot introduce or borrow the British and American double tier model to clearly exclude the burden of proof of behaviors which have social harmfulness for it could lead to the increase of the accused’s burden of proof and therefore causes inability of proofing, the burden of proof of both the prosecuting and defending parties mixed and conflict, and no way for bearing the burden of proof for the accused.


The constitution of a crime; Behaviors that exclude social harmfulness; Double tier model; Burden of proof

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.css.1923669720130904.2572


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