A Critical Appraisal of the Legal Regime for Biodiversity Conservation in Nigeria

Olubisi F. Oluduro, Gideon N. Gasu


Nigeria harbours a peculiar and an uncertain environmental situation taking into cognizance the desert encroachment in the North and the rise of sea level leading to flooding in the South, which calls for a well articulated, accelerated, and organized remedial action plan on the conservation of Biodiversity. Several species of fauna and flora which the country is naturally endowed with have been rendered extinct or are in danger of extinction as a consequence of economic growth and development. On the international scene the situation is not better with current trends like climate change which has greatly affected the distribution and extinction of species of flora and fauna, ecosystems as well as man and his environment. The earth surface which is full of a diversity of plants and animals currently estimated at about 1.7 million known species are yet greatly threatened by biodiversity loss, erosion, depletion of genes and global species constitute an important concern to national and international authorities. The objective of this paper is to examine the legal regimes on the conservation of biodiversity at the global level, equally Nigeria as a global player has domesticated these regimes into its national laws in a bid to ensure the conservation of biodiversity within the country. We are also going to examine the causes and effects of the loss of biodiversity, the relationship between biodiversity conservation and the fight against climate change. In this paper, judicial decisions, statutes, international treaties as well as official records on the conservation of biodiversity form the primary sources while secondary sources such as textbooks, journals, official proceedings, specialized publications and conference papers were equally utilized. The paper will be crowned with some recommendations proffered from the writers’ perspective and a conclusion.

Key words: Biodiversity; Conservation; Legal regime; Nigeria


Biodiversity; Conservation; Legal regime; Nigeria


UNEP. (2002). Handbook on Environmental Law (p. 9). Heatfordshire, UK: UNEP Publication.

David Hunter et al. (2002). International Environmental Law and Policy (2nd ed., p. 912). New York: Foundation Press.

World Bank Portfolio (2008). The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (p. 1). The World Bank 1818H Street, Washington, USA.

The Holy Bible, Genesis Chapter 1, p. 28.

Gasu, G.H. & Gasu, M.B. (2008). International Measures for the Protection of Clean Air: Problems and Prospects (p. 143). In Salami, A.T. et al.: Towards a Low Carbon Economy, OAU Press, Ile-Ife.

Guruswany, L., & Hendricks, B. (2007). International Environmental Law in a Nutshell (3rd ed., p. 84). St Paul: West Group Publishers.

Kwbasek, N.K., & Silverman, G.S. (2000). Environmental Law (3rd Ed., p. 315). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Wilson, O. E. (1988). The Current State of Biological Diversity in Biodiversity (Wilson O. Edward ed.). Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Nature (2004). Feeling the Heat: Climate Change and Biodiversity Loss. Natural Publishing Group.

World Wild Life Fund. Planet Report 1998. Retrieved from http://panda.org/Living Plant/pr/index.htm

Nelson, S.U. (2007). International Regimes on the Control of Specie Extinction and Loss of Biodiversity. Being a Seminar Paper Presented to the Environmental Law Class, Faculty of Law, OAU.

http//www.bookrags.com/research/the-emergence of biodiversity-as-an-Scit 07121


http//www.global climate.Umich.edu/global/change 2/current lecturers/diversity/biodiversity

UNEP. (2007). Global Environment Outlook GEO4: Environment for Development (p. 38).

The Encyclopedia Britannica Macropaedia (Vol.16, 1990 ed., pp. 663-667).

Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (7th Ed.)

Black, H.C. (2004). Black’s Law Dictionary (8th ed.). U.S.A.: West Publishing Co..

NEST (1991). Nigeria’s Threatened Environment: A National Profile (p. 182), Lagos.

Okorodudu-Fubara, M.T. (1998). Law of Environmental Protection: Materials and Text (pp. 331-333). Ibadan, Nigeria: Caltop Publication Ltd..

Heppes, J., & Eric, M.C. Fadden (1987). Re Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora: Improving the Prospects for Preserving Our Biological Heritage. Boston University International Law Journal, 5, 22.

Birnie, P.W., & Boyle, A.E. (1992). International Law and the Environment (pp.14, 33, 336). London: Clarendon Press.

Olong, M.A. (2008). Human Rights, the Environment and Sustainable Development in Nigeria. Lead City University Law Journal, 1(1), 83.

Development in Nigerian Federal Protection Agency, 1992 at p. 5.

Fagbohun, O. (2002). Reappraising the Nigerian Constitution for Environmental Management. Ambrose Ali University Law Journal, 1(1), 25-26.

Okorodudu-Fubara, M.T. (1998). Law of Environmental Protection: Materials and Text (pp. 252-254). Nigeria: Caltop Publication Ltd..

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.css.1923669720120804.3020


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

Share us to:   


  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; css@cscanada.net; css@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada.

Website: Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailcss@cscanada.net, css@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture