What Really Made MAO Change his Ideas on the Principal Social Contradiction in 1957?

Genshan GUO

Abstract


Abstract Evidences indicate that, in the period from the 8th Party Congress to its third plenary session, MAO gave his approvals to the basic conclusion on China’s principal social contradiction, but not to the redundant words in it. We could not take MAO’s criticism to the redundant words as his denial to the basic conclusion, and the more, we should not take it as a proof that MAO changed his viewpoint on the principal social contradiction of China afterwards. In 1956, the twentieth congress of the Communist Party of the USSR aroused much unexpected turmoil both inside and outside China. Especially when CCP began to rectify its working style in the spring of 1957, some intellectuals advanced their advices and political propositions among which there were some inclination and insinuation to challenge the reigning of CCP. All these made MAO Zedong pay much more attention to the class struggle, and unfortunately MAO made an incorrect judgment. The assaults from the rightists and the magnification of anti-rightists are the key causes for MAO to change his idea on the principal social contradiction.

Key words: Mao; Denial; Principal Contradiction; Causes

Résumé Les évidences indiquent que, dans la période allant de la 8e Partie du congrés à sa troisième séance plénière, MAO a donné ses approbations à la conclusion sur la base de la Chine contradiction sociale principale, mais ne pas les mots redondants en elle. Nous ne pouvions pas prendre la critique de MAO aux mots redondants que son refus à la conclusion de base, et plus, nous ne devrions pas le prendre comme une preuve que MAO a changé son point de vue sur la contradiction principale social de la Chine par la suite. En 1956, le vingtième congrès du Parti communiste de l’URSS a suscité beaucoup d’agitation inattendue tant à l’intérieur et à l’extérieur de la Chine. Surtout quand PCC a commencé à remédier à son style de travail au printemps de 1957, certains intellectuels avancé leurs conseils et leurs propositions politiques parmi lesquels il y avait une certaine inclinaison et l’insinuation de contester le champion de la CCP. Tous ces faits MAO Zedong payer beaucoup plus d’attention à la lutte des classes, et, malheureusement, MAO a pris une décision erronée. Les attaques des droitiers et l’agrandissement de l’anti-droitiers sont les principales causes de MAO pour changer son idée sur la contradiction principale sociale.

Mots clés: Mao; Le refus; Contradiction principale; Causes


Keywords


Mao; Denial; Principal Contradiction; Causes



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720120801.640

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