Improving the Components of Speaking Proficiency

Taher Bahrani, Rahmatollah Soltani

Abstract


One of the main concerns of language learners is how to improve their speaking proficiency in general and different components of speaking proficiency such as fluency, accuracy, accent, vocabulary, comprehension, and communication in particular. Accordingly, the present research attempts to investigate the effect of listening to different TV programs on improving different components of speaking proficiency. To achieve this purpose, a sample speaking test was given to twenty language learners as a pre-test. During the study, the participants had exposure to different programs from TV. After a period of three months, a post-test was administered. Then, the scores of each component in the pre-test were compared with that of the post-test. The result showed that the use of vocabulary as a component of speaking proficiency improves more. On the contrary, accuracy improves less than the other components.
Key words: Speaking proficiency; Improve; Vocabulary; Accuracy

Résumé: L'une des préoccupations principales des apprenants de langue est de savoir comment améliorer l'expression orale en général et maîtriser de différents composants de la compétence de l’expression orale comme la fluidité, la précision, l'accent, le vocabulaire, la compréhension et la communication en particulier. En conséquence, la présente recherche tente d'étudier l'effet d'écouter des émissions de différents programmes à la télé sur l'amélioration de la maîtrise de différents éléments de l'expression orale. Pour atteindre ce but, un test de langue a été donnée à vingt apprenants de langue comme un pré-test. Au cours de l'étude, les participants ont été exposés à de différents programmes de la télévision. Après une période de trois mois, un post-test a été donné. Ensuite, les scores de chaque composant dans le pré-test ont été comparés avec ceux du post-test. Le résultat a montré que l’un des éléments de compétence orale, l'utilisation du vocabulaire, s'améliore le plus. Au contraire, la précision s'améliore moins que les autres composants.
Mots-clés: Compétence de l’expression orale; Améliorer; Vocabulaire; Précision

Keywords


Speaking proficiency; Improve; Vocabulary; Accuracy ;Compétence de l’expression orale; Améliorer; Vocabulaire; Précision

Full Text:

PDF

References


Askari, E. (2006). A Comparative Study on Objective Vs. Subjective Scoring for Testing Oral Language Proficiency of University EFL Students (Unpublished thesis). TEFL, Ahvaz, Olum Tahghighat University.

Baker, N. (1996). Using the TV News in the EFL Classroom. Zielsprache, 26(2), 30-33.

Bell, D. M. (2003). TV News in the EFL/ESL Classroom: Criteria for Selection. TESL-EJ, 7(3), 1-17. Available at: http://www-writing.berkeley.edu/TESL-EJ/ej27/a2.html. Accessed, February 22, 2007.

Berber, S. A. (1997). Proficiency and Comprehension of Television News in a Foreign Language. Revista de Documentacao de Estudos em Linguistica Teorica e Aplicada (D.E.L.T.A.), 13(2), 177-190.

Blatchford, C. (1973). Newspapers: Vehicles for Teaching ESOL with Cultural Focus. TESOL Quarterly, 7, 145-153.

Brinton, D., & Gaskill, W. (1978). Using News Broadcast in EFL/ESL Classroom. TESOL Quarterly, 12(2), 403-415.

Cabaj, H., & Nicolic, V. (2000). Am I Teaching Well? Self- Evaluation Strategies for Effective Teachers. Pippin Publishing Corporation.

Cauldwell, R. M. (1996). Direct Encounters with Fast Speech on CD-Audio to Teach Listening. System, 24(4), 521-528.

Chapple, L., & Curtis, A. (2000). Content based Instruction in Hong Kong: Students Responses to Films. System, 28, 419-433.

Hafernik, J.J., & Surguine, H. (1979). Using Radio Commercials as Supplementary Materials in ESL Listening Classes. TESOL quarterly, 13(3), 341-347.

Hughes, A. (2003). Testing for Language Teachers (2nd Ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Krashen, S. (1982). Principles and Practice in Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Mackenzie, A. S. (1997). Using CNN News Video in the EFL Classroom. The Internet TESL Journal, 3(2). Available at: http://www.aitwech.ac.jp/~iteslj/,.Accessed February 21, 2006.

Poon, A. (1992). Action Research: A study on Using TV News to Improve Listening Proficiency. Research Report, 14, 1-70.

Ryan, S. (1998). Using Films to Develop Learner Motivation. The internet TESL journal, 13(11). Available at: http://iteslj.org/articles/Rayan-Film.html. Access: February 3, 2006.

Schoepp, K. (2001). Reasons for Using Songs in ESL/EFL Classroom. The internet TESL journal, 7(2). Available at: http://iteslj.org/articles/Schoepp-Songs.html. Access: February 12, 2007.

Yu, Y. (1995). Using a Radio Station on Campus for English Learning: Recent Developments in China. System, 23(1), 69-76.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720110703.012

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Reminder

If you have already registered in Journal A and plan to submit article(s) to Journal B, please click the CATEGORIES, or JOURNALS A-Z on the right side of the "HOME".


We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; css@cscanada.net; css@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture

Address: 758, 77e AV, Laval, Quebec, H7V 4A8, Canada

Telephone: 1-514-558 6138

Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org

E-mail:css@cscanada.net, css@cscanada.org