The Quality of Life (Qol) of the Island People in the State of Terengganu, Malaysia: A Study on Pulau Redang and Pulau Perhentian

Norizan Abdul Ghani, Sulaiman Md. Yassin, Wan Ibrahim Wan Ahmad, Wan Salihin Wong Abdullah

Abstract


Enhancing the Quality of life (QoL) of the population is one of the most important development agenda for any developing countries, including Malaysia. The objective of this study is to examine the QoL of the people on Pulau Redang and Pulau Perhentian, two offshore islands in the state of Terengganu, using the mixed methodology. The findings revealed that nearly 20 percent of the respondents have never received any form of formal education, with more than half of the respondents received primary school education only. This low level education of the parents has resulted in the low level education of the second generation. Education, employment, family life and welfare support are among the factors which influenced the objective (actual) and subjective (perceived) QoL on both islands. The study also showed that the level of the objective and subjective QoL of most of the people on both islands were at the medium level. However, the housing quality was of low standard which affected the quality of peoples' life. The household income somehow influenced the score of the QoL. The study also revealed that the development to enhance the quality of life of the islanders by the government is progressing at a slow pace. The findings based on Pearson correlation also revealed that the objective and subjective QoL were significantly correlated. This means that for most of the people on both islands, the higher their objective QoL, the better their subjective QoL.
Key words: Quality of Life; Objective Quality of Life; Subjective Quality of Lfe; Pulau Redang; Pulau Perhentian

Résumé: L'amélioration de la qualité de vie (QdV) de la population est l'un des programmes de développement les plus importants pour tous les pays en voie de développement, notamment la Malaisie. L'objectif de cette étude est d'examiner la qualité de vie des habitants de Pulau Redang et de Pulau Perhentian, deux îles dans l'état de Terengganu, en utilisant la méthode mixte. Les résultats ont révélé que près de 20 pour cent des répondants n'ont jamais reçu aucune forme d'éducation formelle, et plus de la moitié des répondants ont reçu une éducation primaire seulement. Le faible niveau d'éducation des parents a abouti à la formation de bas niveau de la deuxième génération. L'éducation, l'emploi, la vie familiale et l'aide sociale sont parmi les facteurs qui ont influencé la qualité de vie objective (réelle) et subjective (perçue) des habitants des deux îles. L'étude a également montré que le niveau de la qualité de vie objective et subjective de la plupart des habitants sur les deux îles a été au niveau moyen. Cependant, un niveau faible de la qualité des logements a affecté la qualité de vie des peuples. Les revenus du ménage a influencé en quelque sorte le score de la qualité de vie. L'étude a également révélé que le développement et l'amélioration de la qualité de vie des habitants entretenus par le gouvernement de l'île progresse à un rythme lent. Les résultats obtenus de la corrélation de Pearson a également révélé que la qualité de vie objective et subjective ont été significativement corrélée. Cela signifie que pour la plupart des habitants sur les deux îles, plus haut le niveau de leur qualité de vie objective, meilleure leur qualité de vie subjective.
Mots-clés: Qualité de vie; Qualité de vie objective; Qualité de vie subjective; Pulau Redang;, Pulau Perhentian

Keywords


Quality of Life; Objective Quality of Life; Subjective Quality of Lfe; Pulau Redang; Pulau Perhentian ; Qualité de vie; Qualité de vie objective; Qualité de vie subjective; Pulau Redang;, Pulau Perhentian

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720110703.010

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