A Postmodernist Reading of Sam Shepard's Buried Child

Noorbakhsh Hooti, Samaneh Shooshtarian


Abstract: This paper attempts to analyze postmodernism as a style in Shepard's late-twentieth-century's play, Buried Child. As an example of a postmodern drama, Buried Child embodies ambiguity, discontinuity, pluralism, perversion, deformation, disintegration, deconstruction and difference that Ihab Hassan has identified as essential to postmodern works. Moreover, it is attempted to show that in his depiction of American Family in decline, Shepard brings into account a consideration of postmodernity according to Baudrillard's theory of "simulation" and "loss of the real", Derrida's concept of "deconstruction", andLyotard's theory of "the fall of grand narratives". Finally, the study reaches the conclusion by displaying that all these features altogether have been the real key to the sense of fragmentation felt among the family members, which bring to light the postmodernist environment of the postmodern world. Key words: Postmodernist Literature; Intertextuality; Metanarrative; Language Game; Parody; Pastiche; SimulacrumRésumé: Cet article tente d'analyser le post-modernisme comme un style à la fin du XXe siècle jouée dans la pièce de Shepard, Buried Child. A titre d'exemple d'un drame post-moderne, Buried Child incarne l'ambiguïté, la discontinuité, le pluralisme, la perversion, la déformation, la désintégration, la décontraction et la différence que Ihab Hassan a identifiées comme étant essentielles à des œuvres post-moderne. En outre, il est tenté de montrer que, dans sa description de la famille américaine en déclin, Shepard met en considération d'un élément de la postmodernité selon la théorie de Baudrillard de «simulation» et «perte du réel», le concept de «décontraction» de Derrida, et la théorie de «la chute des grands récits» de Lyotard. Enfin, l'étude arrive à la conclusion en affichant que toutes ces caractéristiques au total ont été la véritable clé de sens de la fragmentation senti parmi les membres de la famille, qui mettent en lumière l'environnement de post-moderne du monde post-moderne. Mots clés: Littérature postmoderne; Intersexualité; Métrait; Jeu de langage; Parodie; Pastiche; Simulacre

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.css.1923669720110701.008


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