On Commitments in Criminal Law

Lianhe WANG


Abstract: The commitments in criminal law mean that a victim commits others to infringing on his/her legal interests, which includes three elements of promisor, commitment behavior, and promisee, and every single aspect has certain conditional requirements. The theory of criminal law in continental law system divides commitment into two categories: the commitment of constitutive requirement elimination and the commitment of illegality elimination. Since there is no single illegality judgement in China’s crime constitution system, the commitment of illegality elimination is excluded its criminality through the fact that the behavior doesn’t conform to crime constitution. The above classification is thereby meaningless in China; it should be uniformly called the commitment of exclusion of criminal cause. In addition, some commitments can not exclude behavior criminality but can mitigate criminal responsibility, called the commitment of mitigated criminal responsibility; there are some other commitments can not be excluded criminality because of the clear deification in the law or called invalids commitments, including the invalid commitment of same crime constitution and the invalid commitment of different crime constitution. Key words: Commitment; Illegality; Legal interest; Constitutive requirements; EliminationRésumé: Les engagements en droit pénal signifie que la victime engage les autres à porter atteinte à ses intérêts juridiques, qui comprend trois éléments du promettant, le comportement engage et promesse, et chaque aspect a certaines exigences conditionnelle. La théorie du droit pénal dans le système de droit continental se divise en deux catégories d'engagement: l'engagement de l’exigence constitutive de l'élimination et l'engagement de l'élimination illégal. Comme il n'y a pas de seule illégalité de jugement du crime de la constitution en Chine, l'engagement de l'élimination de l'illégalité est exclu de son incrimination par le fait que le comportement n'est pas conforme à la constitution de la criminalité. Le classement ci-dessus est donc dénuée de sens en Chine, elle doit être uniformément appelé l'engagement de l'exclusion de la cause pénale. En outre, certains engagements ne peuvent pas être exclure le comportement de la criminalité, mais ils peuvent atténuer la responsabilité pénale, appelés l'engagement de la responsabilité pénale atténuée, il y a certains autres engagements ne peut être exclu de criminalité, car la clarté de la déification dans la loi ou les invalides engagements, y compris les engagement invalides de la constitution de la même crime et l'engagement invalide de constitution crime différent. Mots clés: Engagement; L'illégalité; Les intérêts juridiques; Les exigences constitutive; Et l'élimination

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.css.1923669720110701.002


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