The Preliminary Discussion on the Historical Comparison between Chinese and Western Acquisitive Prescription Systems



Abstract: The acquisitive prescription was a type of system in Roman law used for making up the deficiencies under the formal doctrine as well as the power vacuum caused by wars. The elements influencing the emergence of the system also included historical cultures, geographical environments, and relationships with other systems, etc. The “Qing She” system in ancient China was a provisional measure made by feudal dynasties in particular war times to restore agricultural production and as well improve tax revenue. There were some similarities between the system and the acquisitive prescription; nonetheless there were fundamental difference between two of them in terms of causes, system values, applicable scopes, and cultural foundations, etc. There were no such historical traditions in China universally suitable for the acquisitive prescription. Key words: Acquisitive prescription; Qing She; Historical comparisonRésumé: La prescription acquisitive était un type de système dans les droits romains utilisé pour la confection des lacunes sous de la doctrine officielle, ainsi que le vide du pouvoir causé par les guerres. Les éléments qui influent sur l'émergence du système inclus aussi des cultures historiques, des environnements géographiques et les relations avec d'autres systèmes, etc. Le système Qing She dans la Chine ancienne était une mesure provisoire faite par les féodales de dynasties durant les années de guerre notamment pour restaurer la production agricole et ainsi améliorer les recettes fiscales. Il y avait des similitudes entre le système et de la prescription acquisitive; néanmoins il y avait de différence fondamentale entre deux d'entre eux en termes de causes, les valeurs du système, les champs applicables, et les fondations culturelles, etc Il n'y avait pas de telles traditions historiques en Chine universellement approprier pour la la prescription acquisitive. Mots clés: Prescription acquisitive; Qing She; Et la comparaison historique

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