Feminist Politics of Location: Staging Sexuality and Violence in the Drama of Griselda Gambaro

Nayef Ali Al-Joulan, Moh. Salim Al-Mustafa


The literary reputation of Griselda Gambaro and her masterpieces The Walls, Information for Foreigners, and Antigona Furiosa remain an interest in studies of modern Latin American drama. The playwright and her dramas still draw scholars’ attention as they deal with political issues and disputes derived from modern Argentinean history during the military coups and the period of the Dirty War (1976-83), and the consequences—whether social, psychological, representational, and/or ethical-- that were caused by these clashes. Indeed, not only is Gambaro privileged in dramatizing subjects like violence and sexuality that capture her spectators’ interests, but she is also distinguished in the way she utilizes staging in effectively dramatizing these topics. This paper aims at exploring Gambaro’s techniques of staging violence and sexuality in the aforementioned plays, in the light of the feminist politics of location. In particular, the examination targets Gambaro’s recruitment of a signifying code of space, along with notions of absence and presence, altogether comprising a feminist issue of location and power, as argued by major feminist critics such as Virginia Woolf, Adrienne Rich, Elaine Showalter, Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar. Keywords: Griselda Gambaro; Latin American Drama; Feminism; Theater; ViolenceRésumé: La réputation littéraire de Griselda Gambaro et ses chefs-d'œuvre Les Murs, Information pour les étrangers, et Antigona Furiosa restent un intérêt pour les études de théâtre moderne d'Amérique latine. Le dramaturge et ses drames attirent encore l'attention des chercheurs car ils traitent des questions politiques et des conflits issus de l'histoire argentine moderne au cours des coups d'État militaires et de la période de la Guerre Sale (1976-83), et les conséquences, qu'elles soit sociales, psychologiques, figuratives, et / ou éthiques - ont été causées par ces affrontements. En effet, non seulement Gambaro a privilégié dans la dramatisation des sujets comme la violence et la sexualité qui captent les intérêts de ses spectateurs, mais elle se distingue aussi dans la façon dont elle utilise la mise en scène efficace de dramatiser ces sujets. Le présent document vise à explorer les techniques de mise en scène de la violence et la sexualité de Gambaro dans les pièces mentionnées ci-dessus, à la lumière de la politique féministe de l'emplacement. En particulier, l'étude se concentre sur l'utilisation d'un code symbolique de l'espace chez Gambaro, avec les notions d'absence et de présence, tout en comportant une question féministe de l'emplacement et de la puissance, comme l'a soutenue par les principaux critiques féministes, comme Virginia Woolf, Adrienne Rich, Elaine Showalter, Gilbert Sandra et Gubar Susan.Mots-clés: Griselda Gambaro; drame d’amérique latine; féminisme; théâtre; violence

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/j.css.1923669720100603.014


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