An Analysis of School Education Development of the Qiang Nationality in Recent One Hundred Years

Ding-chu WU, Sheng-li ZHU, LIAO Li-sha


After May 12 Wenchuan massive earthquake,Qiang nationality was severely destroyed. China is all set to move in to save the quake-threatened culture of the Qiang people in Sichuan Province. Pay attention to the school education is an important aspect. It is significant to know the development of school education in recent one hundred years. During the period of the Republic of China,modern school education for the Qiang nationality developed. But the number of children of the Qiang nationality entering school was small and the education quality was low. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China,a school education system serving the Qiang nationality has been gradually set up and education quality has been greatly improved. After 1992,the popularization of nine-year compulsory education has been realized,the scale of high school education has rapidly expanded,the structure readjustment of middle vocational and technical education has been accelerated and higher education has been developed stably.
Key words: the Qiang nationality; school education; development; analysis
Résumé: Après l’énorme tremblement de terre à Wenchuan le 12 mai, la nationalité Qiang a été sévèrement détruite. La Chine s’épuise le corps à sauver la culture menacée par le séisme du peuple Qiang dans la province de Sichuan. Faire attention à l’éducation scolaire est un aspect important. Il est signifiant de comprendre le développement de l’éducation scolaire dans le cent ans récent. Pendant la période de la République de Chine, l’éducation moderne scolaire pour la nationalité Qiang a développé. Mais le nombre de la scolarisation des enfants de la nationalité Qiang était petit et la qualité d’éducation était basse. Après la fondation de la République populaire de Chine, un système d’éducation scolaire servant la nationalité Qiang a été progressivement fondé et la qualité d’éducation a été beaucoup améliorée. Après 1992, la popularisation de l’éduction obligatoire pour neuf ans a été réalisée, l’ampleur de l’éduction de lycée a été rapidement développée, le réajustement de la structure de l’éduction moyenne professionnelle et technique a été accélérée et l’éducation plus élevée a été stablement développée.
Mots-Clés: la nationalité Qiang; éducation scolaire; développement; analyse

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