The Violation of Cooperative Principle and the Four Maxims in Psychological Consulting

Jia LI

Abstract



The Cooperative Principle (CP) and the four maxims are widely believed by linguists to be essential in the implementation of conversations. However, CP and the four maxims are also frequently flouted on such occasions as joke-telling or achieving politeness. This paper focuses on the environment of psychological consulting and attempts to explore the violation of CP in this specific environment. Through an analysis of conversational implicature and the occurrences of the violation of CP in the three selected excerpts from The female Psychologist by Bi Shumin, it is found that the recognition of conversational implicature is crucial for the understanding of the non-cooperative attitudes of the speakers and the violation of one or more CP maxims.
Key words: the Cooperative Principle (CP), four maxims, conversational implicature, flouting, The Female Psychologist
Résumé: Le Principe Coopératif (CP) et les quatre maximes qui sont largement estimé par les linguistes sont essentiels à la mise en oeuvre des conversations. Toutefois, le CP et les quatre maximes sont souvent bafoués en telle occasion comme la blague ou l’achèvement de la politesse. Le présent document se concentre sur l'environnement de consultation psychologique et essaye à explorer la violation de CP dans cet environnement spécifique. A travers une analyse de l’implication conversationnel et les occurrences de la violation de CP dans les trois extraits sélectionnés de La Femme Psychologue par Bi Shumin, il est constaté que la reconnaissance de l’implication conversationnel est crucial pour la compréhension de l’attitude non-coopérative des interlocuteurs et la violation de l'un ou plusieurs CP maximes.
Mots-Clés: le Principe Coopératif (CP), quatre maxims, implication conversationnel, moquerie, La Femme Psychologue

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968%2Fj.css.1923669720080403.011

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