An Analysis of the Conflicts in Thunderstorm and A Streetcar Named Desire

Yue-hua GUO


This paper probes into the uncertainty of human destiny and the inadequacy of human capacity in coping with complex circumstances through the analysis of the external and internal conflicts that are imposed on the two women characters, Fan Yi in Cao Yu’s Thunderstorm and Blanche in Tennessee Williams’ A Streetcar Named Desire. Through close analysis of the all the elements of the conflicts, the paper points out that though the two women protagonists try every means to survive in an indifferent and cruel environment and pursue their passion for love, freedom, and independence, their constant conflicts with unconquerable force that come from social ethical codes and patriarchal ideology prevailing in their societies, they are incompatible to this force. Thus we can conclude that it is their internal conflicts that bring them constant suffering and lead to their inevitable tragic end.
Key words: external conflicts, internal conflicts, struggle, personality, disillusion
Résumé: L’article présent explore l’incertitude de la destinée humaine et l’insuffisance de la capacité humaine face aux circonstances complexes à travers l’analyse des conflits externes et internes qui sont imposés sur deux héroïnes : Fan Yi dans L’Orage de Cao Yu et Blanche dans Un tramway nommé Désir de Tennessee William. Après l’analyse minutieuse de tous les éléments des conflits, l’article indique que bien que ces deux protagonistes fassent tout pour survivre dans un environnement indifférent et cruel et poursuivirent leur passion pour l’amour, la liberté et l’indépendance, leurs conflits constants avec la force insurmontable qui vient des codes éthiques sociaux et l’idéologie patriarcale prédominant dans leur société, elles sont incompatibles avec cette force. Ainsi, nous pouvons conclure que ce sont leurs conflits internes qui leur entraînent la souffrance constante et conduisent à leur fin tragique inévitable.
Mots-Clés: conflits externes, conflits internes, lutte, personnalité, désillusion

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