Present Position of China’s Local Industrial Clusters(LICs) in the Global Value Chain(GVC): Apparel and Textile industry Case Study

Ping-Qing LIU, Qiang GU


In the globalization era, cost competitiveness alone will not be sufficient to guarantee further success. The China’s LICs faced a serious challenge between the top-down (global) and bottom-up (local) governance pressures. In order to remain competitive, there is a need for LICs to upgrade their activities and move up along GVC, and shall constantly pursue enhancement and optimization of value chain and developing their capabilities. To help overcome the constraints on LICs, the need to develop new and more effective governance strategies and policies are high priority. This paper also shows how LICs can break out of the “lock-in” which results form working for a small powerful GVC’s governors. It recognizes the GVC governance variance and opening up new opportunities for LIC.
Key words: Local Industrial Clusters (LICs), Global Value Chain (GVC), Governance
Résumé: A l’époque de globalisation, la compétitivité du prix seul ne suffit pas pour garantir le succès futur. Les GIL de Chine font face à un double défi sérieux des pressions de gouvernance globale et locale. Afin de maintenir la compétitivité, il est nécessaire pour les GIL d’améliorer leurs activités et de s’avancer dans la CVG. Ils devraient poursuivre constamment le renforcement et l’optimisation de la chaîne de valeur et développer leurs capacités. Pour vaincre les contraintes, le développement de plus de nouvelles stratégies de gouvernance est devenu la première priorité. L’article montre aussi comment les GIL peuvent se débarrasser de l’isolation qui résultant du fait qu’ils travaillent pour les gouverneurs d’une petite CVG puissante. Il reconnaît la différence de gouvernance de la CVG et la création de nouvelles opportunités pour les GIL.
Mots-Clés: Groupes industriels locaux GIL), Chaîne de valeur globale(CVG), gouvernance

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