NGOs and Civil Society under the Context of Humanistic Community Construction: Practice and Review of China

Zhong-qi LIU, Shui-ying WEI


Since the mid 1980’s, the issue of community construction in China has been put on the agenda for governments of various levels. The shift from community service to community construction witness the development of community management as well as the Chinese social reform. The humanistic community construction has become the cornerstone for social reform, and also an important practice to Chinese harmonious society. In the future social and economic frame, the grass-root level self-government organizations, community organizations, social organizations will contribute to most nongovernmental, nonprofit social institutions. Neither is it a sheer governmental behavior, nor is a sheer civil activity. The community construction consists of various community actors and community forces. The process is a trinity of the government, nongovernmental organizations and the residents. The nongovernmental organizations, especially the voluntary and self-governmental organizations, will promote the participatory democracy in the community management. The cultivation of nongovernmental organizations and the self-governmental institutions would be translated into the future government management pattern of Chinese society.
Key words: nongovernmental organization, humanistic community construction, civil society
Résumé: Depuis le milieu des années 1980, le problème de la construction de communautés a déja été mis à l’ordre du jour des gouvernements à divers niveaux. Le changment du service de communauté en construction de commmunauté témoigne du développement de la gestion de communauté et la réforme sociale chinoise. La construction de communauté humaniste est devenue la base de la réforme sociale et une pratique importante pour la société harmonieuse de la Chine. Dans le futur cadre social et économique, les organisations autonomes, communautaires et sociales vont contribuer aux institutions non gouvernementales et non lucratives. Ce n’est ni une action gouvernementale pure ni une activité civile pure. La construction de communauté consiste en divers acteurs et forces communautaires. Son processus est la trinité du gouvernement, des organisations non gouvernementales et des habitants. Les organisations non gouvernementales, surtout les volontaires et les organisations autonomes, pourraient promouvoir la démocratie dans la gestion de communauté. Le développement des organisations non gouvernementales et institutions autonomes pourrait être transformé en modèle futur de la gestion gouvernemental de la société chinoise.
Mots-Clés: organisation non gouvernementale, construction de communauté humaniste, société civile

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