Meng jinghui, Pioneer of Experimental Theatre in China



Meng Jinghui, whose name has gained increasing popularity in China in the past fifteen years, is undoubtedly the most influential stage director of 先鋒戲劇 in Chinese theatrical circles. Referred to Experimental Theatre or Small Theatre in China, 先鋒戲劇 has been experimenting new theatrical presentations that have not previously seen in China. Though controversial from the very beginning, Meng Jinghui has won more and more audience. With the box-office success of his 2005 production Amber, which is reviewed by some as a repetition of some previous productions of his without breakthrough, people begin to doubt about Meng Jinghui’s creativity and his leading role as a pioneer artist who seems to be naturally away from pop culture and commercialization. Investigating the birth and growth of Experimental Theatre in China, this paper gives a glimpse of Meng Jinghui’s major productions and what he has tried to do in this field called 先鋒戲劇. The paper gives credit to Meng Jinghui’s long time efforts of making his dream true ---- to make theatre going a mainstream culture in China, which would surely prove him to be the great pioneer of Chinese Experimental theatre.
Key words: Meng Jinghui, Experimental Theatre, pioneer
Résumé: Meng Jinghui était de plus en plus réputé dans les quinze dernières années. Il est sans aucun doute le metteur en scène le plus influant du drame d’avant-garde chinois d’aujourd’hui. Le drame d’avant-garde en Chine, en d’autres termes le drame d’essai ou le petit théatre à l’étranger essaie tout le temps de nouvelles techniques d’expression scéniques. Bien que contesté, Meng conquiert de plus en plus de spectateurs. Son œuvre de 2005 « Ambre » a fait recette, mais aux yeux des autres, cette pièce, répétition de ses ouvrages précédents, manque de nouveauté . Donc la créativité et le rôle d’un artiste pionnier détaché de la culture courante et la commercialisation sont contestés. Cet essai explore l’apparition et le développement du drame d’essai chinois ainsi que les ouvrages principaux scéniques de Meng. En affirmant les contributions que Meng Jinghui a apporté au drame d’essai, cet article indique qu’il sera l’avant-garde exceptionnelle du drame d’essai de la Chine.
Mots-Clés: Meng Jinghui, drame d’essai, avant-garde

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