Social Costs of the Patent System

Li-zhi NING


The patent system is making progress and incorporating international practice at a tremendous pace in China. However, scholars have been raising doubts to the benefits of the patent system. They believe that the social costs borne by the developing countries for the patent system exceed the overall economic gains in the current international circumstances. China’s current patent system indicates that there is a lack of sufficient understanding of the social costs and of the cost-benefit analysis of the patent system, which causes many controversies. Nowadays the related study is still struggling to quantify the social cost, while the qualitative analysis is highly disputed. However, an anatomy of the social costs is necessary to take specific cost control measures for the purpose of establishing an economically more efficient patent system suitable under China’s current circumstances.
Key words: Patent, Social Costs, Patent System
Résumé: Pas à pas, la construction sur le système de patente en Chine est bien développé avec les coûtumes internationals, relativement, les savants sont suspicieux sur l'éfficacité de ce système parce qu'il a déséquilibré le coût social des pays en développements avec le profit économic du monde entier, les pays en développements sont bien inquiets. Le système de patente chinois a un grand défaut dont l'analyse sur le coût-l'éfficacité n'est pas suffisante,et il provoque pas mal de contestation. Maintenat, l'analyse sur le coût social du système de patente n'a pas encore fait une conclusion précise, mais il est nécessaire de bien analyzer de divers coûts sociaux quand on forge le système de patente, afin qu'on puisse fonder un système qui peut bien contrôler le coût et peut bien adaptable à la situation du pays.
Mots-Clés: La patente, le système de patente, le coût social

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