An Application of the AHP in Cultural Heritage Conservation Strategy for China

Yao-lin ZHOU


How to establish a comprehensive conservation strategy for China’s cultural heritage conservation has not yet been paid attention. Nowadays cultural heritage conservation involves more and more factors and gradually turns into a complex multi-criteria decision problem, which brings many difficulties to strategy-making. The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) can be very useful in reaching a likely result which can satisfy the decision makers. With the help of the foundation funded by the Ministry of Education and the State Archives Administration of China, this paper is intended to investigate the feasibility of applying the AHP in cultural heritage conservation to improve the decision making with a more systematic and logical approach. First, the important criteria and alternatives for cultural heritage conservation were identified. These criteria and alternatives were used to formulate an AHP-based model to represent the strategy making aspects. Then the AHP-based model was analyzed, and finally some conclusions were obtained, such as “ restoration technology is emergent ” , “ technological application is important”,etc
Key words: cultural heritage, conservation strategy, AHP
Résumé: Comment établir une stratégie globale de conservation pour l’héritage culturel chinois n’a pas fait l’objet d’une grande attention. Aujourd’hui, la conservation de l’héritage culturel comprend de plus en plus de facteurs et devient progressivement un problème de décision complexe à multi-critères qui entraîne beaucoup de difficultés pour la prise de stratégie. Le Processus de la hiérarchie analytique (Analytic Hierarchy Process/AHP) est très utile pour chercher un résultat qui pourrait satisfaire ceux qui prennent la décision. Avec l’aide de la fondation financée par le ministère de l’Education et l’Administration nationale des archives de la Chine, cet article essaie d’étudier la feasibilité d’appliquer l’AHP à la conservation de l’héritage culturel de sorte à faciliter la prise de décision avec une approche plus systématique et logique. Tout d’abord, les critères et alternatives importants pour la conservation de l’héritage culturel étaient identifiés. Ils étaient utilisés pour formuler un modèle basé sur l’AHP dans le but de représenter les aspects de la prise de stratégie. Ensuite, ce modèle était analysé, et finalement on obtenait des conclusions, comme « la restauration technologique est émergente », « l’application de la technologie est importante » etc.
Mots-Clés: héritage culturel, stratégie de la conservation, AHP

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