The Historical Contributions and Reality Reflections of the Boxer Indemnity Between China and Britain to Cultural and Educational Affairs in the Republic of China

Hongqi JIA


According to the rules in “The British Boxer Indemnity Interest Expense Standards” between China and Britain, the sum money of interests should be used in permanent memorial cultural and educational affairs. Although it lasted for a short period, the cultural and educational affairs it sponsored were various, such as aiding cultural constructions financially, supporting higher education and research facilities, selecting government-supported students to study in Britain, encouraging the publishment of textbooks, and supporting education in rural and border areas etc.. These strategies pushed forward the “balanced” development in education and improved the overall education level. Some strategies still have enlightening influence on the cultural and educational development condition nowadays.



The Boxer Indemnity between China and Britain; Cultural and educational affairs; Historical contributions

Full Text:



Anonymous. (1934). The British Boxer Indemnity interest expense standards. Rural Rehabilitation Council Journal, (8), 7.

Editorial Board of Education Yearbook of Ministry of Education. (1971). The first China education yearbook. Taipei, China: Biography Press.

Fu, C. L. (1987). Indemnity take education movement. Jilin University Journal Social Sciences Edition, (5), 89-95.

Liu, X. Q. (2000). Description about Boxer Indemnity of overseas student in 1930s and 1940s. Tianjin Normal University Journal, (5), 51-60.

Qin, X. Y. (1981). Revolutionary literature (eighty-ninth). Taipei, China: Chinese Nationalist Party Central History committee.

Tai, S. Q. (1935). Boxer Indemnity problem. Nanjing, China: Ministry of Education Compiler Library.

The British Boxer Indemnity Interest Expense Standards. (1934). Rural Rehabilitation Council Journal, 2(8), 23-24.

The British Returned Indemnity for Hesitation. (1925). The Education Magazine, 17(5), 3-5.

The Second Historical Archives of China. (1992). Historical documents of external debt of the Republic of China (twelfth). Beijing, China: Archives Press.

The Second Historical Archives of China. (1994). Archives of the Republic of China (fifth-first). Nanjing, China: Jiangsu Ancient Book Press.

The Second Historical Archives of China. (1997). Archives of the Republic of China (fifth-first). Nanjing,China: Jiangsu Ancient Book Press.

Twenty-Five Annual Education and Culture Subsidies Control Case. (1936). The Management of Indemnity Board Journal, (10), 10.

Twenty-Four Annual Subsidy for Education and Culture. (1935). Chinese Education Circles, 23(1), 221-222.

Wang, S. H. (1985). The Boxer Indemnity. Taipei, China: Institute of modern history.

Wu, Y. N. (1926). The Boxer Indemnity should be a part of promoting rural education theory. Xiuning County Farmers Magazine.

Wu, M. H. (2014). On multi-cultural education with Chinese characteristics—study on multiculturalism Chinese characteristics and education way. Journal of Research on Education for Ethnic Minorities, (3), 5-10.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Hongqi JIA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Online Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use four mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:;;;

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Canadian Social Science Editorial Office

Address: 1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada.
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://; Http://;

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture