Analysis on Fengshui Theory and Urban Planning in Ancient China

Yan YU, Zaijun YANG


Chinese traditional Fengshui theory was commonly used in ancient China in the site construction of ancient capitals, ancient cities, villages, towns, houses, and graves throughout the entire country, particularly in Southeast, Southwest, South, and Central China. Langzhong ancient city, in Sichuan Province, was the case study in this paper, which was the typical representative Fengshui city in the Southwest of China. Site selection, spatial layout, landscape, and image of this city were analyzed in depth. With the guidance of Fengshui the ancient city satisfies not only physical needs, but also environmental, psychological and aesthetic ones. This analysis concludes that, Fengshui is rich in science and aesthetic principles, as well as contains the concepts and methods of landscape ecology and urban planning. The findings provide important theories and references for the planning, construction, and environmental improvement of modern cities.


Fengshui theory; Site selection; Spatial layout; Urban landscape; City image; Langzhong ancient city

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