University Education Research Under the Game of “Speciality” and “Generalization”

Xie HE


University has always contained two big functions and two big ideas since its beginning, the first is the professional knowledge and exquisite skills under the function of “Skill training”, that is, the idea of “speciality”; the second is the wide knowledge and elegant personality under the function of “mental education”, that is, the idea of “generalization”. The two big functions exist side by side for a long time in the development process of the university and the confrontation and game of the two push the great progress of the university each time. By investigating how university education of representative countries in different periods balance the relationship between “speciality” and “generalization”, this article further puts forward the reference method for the Chinese modern university education in handling the relationship between the pair, that is, to strengthen the role of general education played in nurturing citizens’ “cultural beliefs, innovative spirit and ability” beside skills training function of university.


Speciality and generalization; University education; Knowledge

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Chen, H. J. (2006). German classic university concept and its impact on China (revised edition p.29, 88). Beijing: Peking University Press.

Durkheim, E. (2003). The evolution of the education thought (p.231). In K. Li (Trans.). Shanghai: Shanghai People’s Publishing House.

Jin, Y. J. (2001). The concept of the university (p.150). Beijing: Sanlian Bookstore. Quoted: Shen Jun Shan. The expectation of general education of National Tsinghua University.Collected Works of the Theory and Actual Conference of University General Education.



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