A History Survey on the Rising of the Philosophy Schools in Polis Athens in the 4th Century BC

Mingqin WEI, Jing SUN

Abstract


The first Philosophy school appeared in Polis Athens in the 4th century BC, the education ideal it advocated appealed to numerous intellectual elites from the Mediterranean area, they together made contributions for the classical Greek Culture era with Athens as its center. The economy, culture, political system, scientific research, artistic creation had reached their peaks during this time in Athens. They played an important role in human’s civilization history. By a history survey on the rising of the philosophy schools, here summarized the main historical conditions it needed were: the development of social division of labor and slave-owning economy, the formation and development of democracy of the city-state, the growth of population, the differentiation of social class and the philosophy ideological trend; the further clarification for the social soil it needed for the nurturing and growth of the philosophy schools as the institution of higher education in Athens, helped us to expand the understanding for the social basis of the evolution of the higher education institutions.


Keywords


Classical period; Polis Athens; Philosophy school

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aristotal. (2013). The politics (p.80). In Y. Yan & D. H. Qin (Trans.). Beijing: People’s Press.

Engels. (n.d.). The origin of the family, private property and the states. Beijing: People’s Press.

Fenley. M. I. (2013). Politics in the ancient world (PXV). S. X. Yan & H. Yang (Trans.). Beijing: Commercial Press.

Fenner, S. E. (2014). The history of government (Volum I). In Z. Wang & B. L. Ma (Trans.). Shanghai: East China Normal University Press.

Sarton, G. (2010). Ancient science through the golden age of Greece (p.132). In X. D. Lu (Trans.). Zhengzhou: Elephant Press.

Wittmann, W. L. (2011). The slavery of greek and Roman antiquity. In X. Yang (Trans.). Zhengzhou: Elephant Press.

Yang, H., & Yan, S. X. (2009). An introduction for the Greek history research. Beijing: Peking University Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/7462

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2015




Share us to:   


Reminder

  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; css@cscanada.net; css@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).

 CANADIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE Editorial Office 

Address1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada.

Website: Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailcss@cscanada.net, css@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture