Lessons and Criticism of the Criminal Jury in the History of Hungary

Tamás ANTAL

Abstract


The present study gives data to the history of lay jurisdiction in Europe focusing the attention to the criticism of the Hungarian jury system between 1867 and 1914 via the presentation of the legal status of juries and the summary of a famous criminal case happened in Hungary concerning to jury behaviour. One can read details about the professional opponent of and the experiences of trials by jury written by outstanding Hungarian jurist at the beginning of the 20th century.


Keywords


European juries; Hungary; Legal history; Criminal law; Austro-hungarian monarchy

Full Text:

PDF

References


Antal, T. (2006). Törvénykezési reformok Magyarországon (1890–1900): Ítélőtáblák, bírói jogviszony, esküdtszék [Jurisdictional Reforms in Hungary: Appeal Courts, Judges, Juries] = Dél- alföldi évszázadok 23; Szeged.

Antal, T (2009). The codification of the jury procedure in Hungary. The Journal of Legal History, 30(3), 279-297.

Antal, T. (2012). Organisation of the appeal court in Temesvár (1890–1891). Selfsame: A Hundred Years of Public Law in Hungary (1890–1990). Studies on the Modern Hungarian Constitution and Legal History (pp.3-53). Novi Sad.

Balogh, E. (2010). Die ungarische Strafrechtskodifikation im 19. Jahrhundert = Rechtsgeschichte und Rechtsgeschehen 12; Berlin.

Baumgarten, I. (1905). A törvényhozás művészetéről [About the Art of Legislation]. In: Jogállam, (4), 1-19, 87-94, 242-258.

Both, Ö. (2009). Küzdelem az esküdtbíráskodás bevezetéséért Magyarországon a reformkorban és az 1848. április 29- i esküdtszéki rendelet [Movement for the Introduction of Juries in Hungary in the Reform Era...]. In Selfsame: Reform és forradalom (pp.83-131). Editors: Ruszoly, József and Antal, Tamás = A Pólay Elemér Alapítvány könyvtára 26; Szeged1.

Buchwald, Lázár (1900). A vidéki esküdtszékek működéséről [About County Juries]. In: Ügyvédek Lapja, (10), 7.

Csizmadia, A. (1966). Az esküdtbíróság Magyarországon a dualizmus korában [The Jury in Hungary during the Time of the Dual Monarchy]. In C. Andor (Ed.), Jogtörténeti tanulmányok I (pp.131-148). Budapest.

Donovan, J. M. (1999). Magistrates and Juries in France, 1791-1952. In: French Historical Studies, 22(3), 379-420.

Finkey, F. (2000). A magyar büntetőperjogi tudomány háromszázados fejlődéstörténete, 1619–1914 [The History of Development of the Science of Criminal Procedure Law in Hungary], Editor: Szathmáry, Béla; Sárospatak.

Gábor- Pölöskei, M., & Ferenc-Zlinszky, J., et al. (2000). The Hungarian State 1000–2000: Thousand Years in Europe, Editor: Máthé, Gábor; Budapest.

György-Degré, B., & Alajos-Varga, E. (1996). A magyar bírósági szervezet és perjog története [A History of Courts and Pleading in Hungary]. Zalaegerszeg.

Handler, p. (2002). The limits of discretion: Forgery and the jury at the Old Bailey, 1818–21. In J. W. Cairns & G. McLeod (Eds.), The dearest birth right of the people of England: The jury in the history of the common law (pp.155-172). Oxford.

Heimann, J. (1904). A szegedi verdict [A Verdict in Szeged]. Jogtudományi Közlöny, (29), 238-239.

Hostettler, J. (2004). The criminal jury old and new: Jury power from the early times to present day; Winchester.

Jánossy, A. (1910). Igazság a Haverda pörben [The Truth in Haverda Case]. Budapest.

Kármán, E. (1904). Néhány szó a paraszt- esküdtekről [A Few Words about Peasant Juries]. Jogtudományi Közlöny, (13), 106-107.

Radzinowicz, L. (1948). A history of English criminal law and its administration from 1750 (Vol.1). The Movement for Reform; London.

Révész, T. M. (1986). A sajtószabadság érvényesülése Magyarországon, 1867–1875 [The Freedom of Press in Hungary, 1867-1875]. Budapest.

Ruszoly, J. (2002). A kiegyezés újabb historiográfiája és a jogtörténet [The Historiography of the Great Compromise and the History of Law]. Selfsame: Újabb magyar alkotmánytörténet, 1848–1949 (pp.120-131). Budapest.

Ruszoly, J. (2009). Das erste Nationalitätengesetz von Szeged und die Verfassungsentwicklung in Europa (1848–1849). In Ders.: Beiträge zur neueren Verfassungsgeschichte (Ungarn und Europa) = Ungarische Rechtshistoriker 3 (pp.207-234). Budapest.

Schnapper, B. (1987). Le jury français aux XIX et XXème siècles. In: The Trial Jury in England, France, Germany, 1700–1900 (pp.165-240). In S. A. Padoa (Ed.). Berlin.

Stipta, I. (1998). A magyar bírósági rendszer története [History of the Hungarian Courts of Justice]. Debrecen.

Vámbéry, R. (1900). Kézikönyv az esküdtek számára [A Guide for Jurymen]. Budapest.

Varga, N. (2012). The Acts of 1848 in Hungary = Fundamenta Fontium Juris 2; Szeged.

Vargha, F. (1905). Az esküdtszék [The Jury]. Budapest.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/%25x

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)




Share us to:   


Reminder

  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; css@cscanada.net; css@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).

 CANADIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE Editorial Office 

Address1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada.

Website: Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailcss@cscanada.net, css@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture