Universalism: Ideality? Hegemonism?:Analysis Based on the Golden Rule



Universalism supports a sort of formal, abstract, and absolute universality. It manifests as the dualistic world view that separates the relations between universals and particulars, essence and phenomenon, reason and sensibility, and soul and flesh. If it goes to extremes, it will become nothing but self-identity that is beyond time and space and inane. Under the interpretation by universalism, the golden rule is a universal normalized character in conceptual form, a universal and abstract formal principle in status, an equivalent and reciprocal universalism orientation in connotation. If viewing the golden rule from this perspective, we will inevitably result in empty theories as well as hegemonism and power in practice.


Universalism; the Golden Rule; Hegemonism

Full Text:



Bauman, Z. (2003). Postmodern ethics. In C. G. Zhang (Trans.). China: Jiangsu People’s Republishing House

Hare, R. M. (1963). Freedom and reason. Oxford, Clarendon Press.

Hegel. (1997). Lectures on the history of philosophy (volume I). In T. Q. Wang (Trans.). Commercial Press.

Hegel. (1997). Lectures on the history of philosophy (volume II). In T. Q. Wang (Trans.). Commercial Press.

Hegel. (1997). Lectures on the history of philosophy (volume IV). In T. Q. Wang (Trans.). Taiqing, Commercial Press.

Hegel. (2005). Small logic. In L. He (Trans.). Commercial Press

Huntington, S. P. (1996). The west: Unique, not universal. Foreign Affair, 75(96).

Kant. (2003). Critique of practical reason. In X. M. Deng (Trans.). People’s Publishing House.

Macintyre, A. (1957). What morality is not? Philosophy (Vol.32). Cambridge University Press.

Wang, Q. J. (2001). The golden rule, doctrine of loyalty and consideration, and confucian ethics. Social Science of Jiangxi, IV.

Zhao, T. Y. (2005). The optimal possible scheme of the golden rule. Social Science of China, 3.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/%25x


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

Share us to:   


  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; css@cscanada.net; css@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada.

Website: Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailcss@cscanada.net, css@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture