Role of the Landscape in the Preservation of Collective Memory and the Enhancement of National Belonging

Aida Hoteit


This study aims to show the role that landscapes play in the preservation of collective memory and the enhancement of national belonging. The Hojeir Valley in southern Lebanon was chosen as the location for this study, which will concentrate on the different components of the location and on the process of its transformation into an inspirational symbol that strengthens people’s sense of belonging while also shaping their national identity. The study will also discuss the related collective memory and the process of its evolution over time as well as the essential elements necessary to preserve it. The study concludes that the collective memory attached to the valley was initially formed because no radical changes had occurred to affect the Valley’s physical state throughout history. Furthermore, the study indicates that while the valley experienced historical incidents, these events did not hinder the impact of these incidents on peoples’ sentimental consciences but rather facilitated in keeping the collective memory of the people active and fresh.


Landscape; Place; Place memory; Place identity; Collective memory; National identity; Belonging; The Hojeir valley

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