Self-Defense Right and Anticipatory Self-Defense Under the Rules of Contemporaneous International Law and International Practice

Ayman Abdel-bari Abulhaj

Abstract


The right of self-defense is one of the most controversial recognized rights in the intentional law. So, there is wide split in the international law concerning the extent of this right. Where we can see the article (51) and what has stated from legal and political problematic issues, concerning the rule of legitimate defense. Also, in the international jurisprudence two primary streams appeared concerning the field ofinterpreting the text of article (51) from the charter of the United Nations and its relation with article (2). The first steam was expanded in the interpretation for the concept of self-defense to include the preventive self-defense. As for the second stream, it supported the narrow interpretation and it holds the view that the right of self-defense is limited to the case of being exposed to an armed attack. As the people of the supporting orientation hold the view that the international practices ensure the existence of preventive Self-defense right as a fixed right in the rules of customary international law.  As for the second stream, it holds the view that the UN charter after its acknowledgment has made a radical change in the use of power in international relations and the use of power became an illegitimate act unless in the case of legitimate self-defense which occurs in the case of being subjected to an actual attack. This research aims study the self-defense and anticipatory self-defense in light of UN charter and international precedents.

Keywords


Self-defense; Legitimate preventive defense; The use of armed force

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adel, A. M. (2006). War against terrorism (p.89). Cairo, Egypt: Dar Al Nahda Al Arabya.

Ahmad, I. M. (2003). The war on Iraq and the changes in U.S strategic thought. International Political Journal, 38(153), 112-113.

Al Moosa, M. (1977). The use of force in contemporary international law (1st ed., p.120). Cairo: Arab Renaissance House for Publishing.

Al Moosa, M. (1994). The use of force in contemporary international law. Oxford: Oxford Clarendon Press.

Alexandrov, S. (1996). Self-defense against the force in international law (p.27). The Hugue: KLuwer law international.

Amer, S. (1998). Introduction to the study international common law (p.925). Dar Al-Nahda, Cairop.

Amer, S. (2003). XXXXX. International Political Journal, 38(153), 80-93.

Ashley, D. (2013). Taming the doctrine of preemption (p.9). In M. Weller (Ed.). Oxford Handbook on the Use of Force.

Beck‏, R. J., & Arend, A. C. (2013). International law and the use of force: Beyond the U.N. charter paradigm (2nd ed., pp.71-80). Routledge Press.

Bleshenko, A. E. (1968). Course of international law (pp.118-120). Orth Press.

Bleshenko, A. E. (1982). International public law (pp.136-139). Moscow: Legal.

Bowett, D. (1958). Self defense in international law (pp.31, 256). Manchester, Manchester University Press.

Christian, J. T. (2009). The use of force against terrorists. European Journal of International Law, 20(2).

Christine, G. (1994). Aggression, intervention and self defense in modern international Law. Cambridge University Press.

Christine, G. (2000). International law and the use of forced. Oxford University Press.

Christine. G. (2002). The US national security strategy and the new “bush doctrine” on preemptive self-defense. 1 Chinese j. Int’ , l l, 437-438.

Christine, G. (2008). International law and the use of forced (3rd

ed., p.100). Oxford University Press.

Christopher, C. J., & Anthony, C. A. (1999-2000). Anticipatory Humanitarian Intervention: An emerging legal norm, USA. Journal of Legal Studies, 27(32), 32.

Gerry, S. G. (2007). Law, war & crime: War crimes, trials and the reinvention of international law (pp.48-53). Polity Press.

Greenwood, C. (2003). International law and the pre-emptive use of force: Afghanistan, Al-Qaida, and Iraq. 4 San Diego Int’l L.J. 7, 12-13.

Greenwood, C. (1987). International law and United State air operation against Libya. Virginia Law Review, 89, 933-935.

Greig. (1990). Self defense and what article (15) require. ICLQ, 40, 366

Henkin, L. (1990). International law: Politics, values and functions (p.156). Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

Ian, B. (1963). International law and the use of force by states (p.278). Clarendon Press.

Ibrhahim, A. (1977). International rights and duties in a changing world: The grand principles and the new world order (1st ed., p.333). Cairo: Arab Renaissance House for Publishing.

Jameel, M. H. (2010). Introduction to international humanitarian law (p.36). Cairo.

Jessup, P. (1968) A modern law of nations. Orth Press.

Joseph S. N. (2008). Understanding international conflicts: An introduction to theory and history (4th ed., p.59). Longman Classics Series.

Lobel & Ratner. (1999). By passing the security council: Ambiguous authorization to use the force, cease fires and Iraqi regime. AJIL, 93, 124.

Lykashook, E. E. (1968). Course of international law (pp.64-47). Orth Press.

Lykashook, E. E. (1989). Course of international law (pp.40- 43). Moscow: Science.

Matthew, W. (2009). The use of force against states that “might” have weapons of mass destruction. Michigan Journal of International law, 31(1).

Mohamad, S. A. (2014). The aggression in international law (p.58). Beirut: Zain for Legal Publishing.

Moosa, M. (2004). The use of force in contemporary international law (p.117). Amman: Dar Wael for Publishing.

Mohammed, A. M. (2014). The use of force in contemporary international law. Beirut: Zain for Legal Publishing.

Murray, C. A. (2012). The inherent right of self-defense in international law. Springer Press.

Weise, R. A. (2012). How nuclear weapons change the doctrine of self-defense. International law and politics, 44, 1335.

Rateb, A. (1998). International organization (p.113). Cairo: Dar Al Nahtha.

Riesman, W. M. (1990). Sovereignty and human rights in contemporary international law. The American Journal of International Law, 84(4), 866-876.

Rosalyn, H. (1994). Problem and process. International law and how we use it (p.251). Oxford: Oxford Clarendon press.

Sanja, G. (2008). The doctrine of pre-emptive strike: Application and implications during the administration of president George W. Bush. International Political Science Review, 29(2), 181-196.

Sayyid, A. (2003). The Iraq crisis: The role of UN in maintaining international peace and security. International Political Journal, 38(153), 125-128.

Schabas‏, W. A. (2004). An introduction to the international criminal court (2nd ed., pp.5-8). Cambridge Press.

Simpso, G. (2007). Law, war & crime: War crimes, trials and the reinvention of international law. (pp.48-53). Polity Press.

Schabas‏, W. A. (2004). An introduction to the international criminal court (pp.5-8). Cambridge Press.

Schachter, O. (1989). Self-defense and 43- the rule of law. The American Journal of International Law, 83(2), 259-277.

Schwebel, S. M. (1994). Aggression, intervention and self defense in modern international law (pp.570-572). Cambridge University Press.

Simpso, G. (2007). Law, war & crime: War crimes, trials and the reinvention of international law. (pp.48-53). Polity Press.

Soheel, A. (2014). International public law in the time of peace (p.430). Amman: Dar Al thaqafa for Publishing.

Soheel, A. (2014). War crimes and crimes of aggression (pp.210-211). Amman: Dar Al Thaqafa for Publishing.

Stanimir, A. A. (1996). Self-defense against the use of force in international law. The American Journal of International Law, 83(2), 19-20.

Thomas, F. (2003). Recourse to force. State action against threats armed attack. Cambridge: Cambridge University.

Tonken, G. E. (1983). Law and power in international system. Moscow: International Relation.

Van de Hole, L. (2003). Anticipatory self-defence under international law. American University International Law Review, 19(1), 71-72.

Vaselenko, V. A. (1982). International legal sanction (pp.72-73). Moscow: International Relation Kiev.

Walzer, M. (2006). Just and unjust wars (4th ed., p.74). New York, NY: Basic Books.

Weise, R. A. (2012). How nuclear weapons change the doctrine

of self-defense. International Law and Politics, 44, 1335.

William, A. S. (2004). An introduction to the international criminal court (2nd ed., pp.5-8). Cambridge Press.

Yarom, D. (2001). War, aggression, and self-defense (pp.15-18). Cambridge University Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3968/%25x

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)




Share us to:   


Reminder

  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases: caooc@hotmail.com; css@cscanada.net; css@cscanada.org

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).

 CANADIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE Editorial Office 

Address1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada.

Website: Http://www.cscanada.net Http://www.cscanada.org 
E-mailcss@cscanada.net, css@cscanada.org

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture