The Old-Age Plight of the Peasants and Herdsmen in the Mongolian Inhabited Poverty Area and the Countermeasures: A Field Investigation Based on 11 Villages (Gacha) in 5 Counties, Tongliao City, Inner Mongolia

Hongmei YU


Currently, the peasants and herdsmen in the Mongolian inhabited poverty area in Tongliao City, Inner Mongolia are facing the old-age plights such as traditional family and land supports for the aged continue to weaken; the poverty extent of the peasants and herdsmen is deep and their ability to resist risk is weak; the public pension service is inadequate, and the level of social security is low, etc. To resolve these problems, we should speed up economic development, increase peasants and herdsmen’s income, and improve their pension security abilities; we should increase national investment in poverty counties, making efforts to enhance the development force of the Mongolian area; we should complete pension security system of the agricultural and pastoral area, improve basic public services, put traditional family support into good use, improve self-support ability of peasants and herdsmen, give full play of land efficiency, and improve the land support capacity for the aged.


Mongolian inhabited area; Poverty; Peasants and herdsmen; Old-age security

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