Deal with the Item 8 of Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale(1965) and Revalidate the Factor Structure: Based on measuring groups ofmiddle school students

Bin LIANG, Jiajiang ZHANG


Using Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (1965), we have measured 1889 students in schools. Through correlation analysis, item analysis, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis, we study two different ways in dealing with the item 8 of Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965), namely the score is counted according to the positive item method and deleting the item 8, explore factor models of the scale and verify the goodness of fit of different models. Our results show: (a) the item 8 should be reserved. It should adopt that the score is counted according to the positive item method. The score correlating with the total score is 0.33 (P < 0.01); (b)if the factor analysis uses two factors,the two factor correlation model has better goodness of fit (χ2/df=6.12, CFI=0.95, TLI=0.93, RMSEA=0.06), namely the two factor model can be used in the scale.

Full Text:



Yang, L., & Zhang, L. (2003). The psychological significance of self esteem. Psychological Exploration, 23(4), 10-12.

Huang, X., & Yang, X. (1998). Draw up young students’ self worth scale. Psychological Science, 21(4), 289-292.

Sun Qinling: 2007, Revision of self esteem scale. Master thesis. Jinan University.

Rosenberg, M., & Rosenberg, Fr. (1978). Self esteem and delinquency. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 7(3), 279-291.

Wang, X., Wang, X., & Ma, H. (1999). Mental health assessment scale manual. Chinese Mental Health Journal (Suppl), 318-320.

Wang, P., Gao, H., Xu, J. et al. (1998). A research on reliability and validity of self esteem scale. Shandong Psychiatry, 11 (4), 31-32.

Tian, L. (2006). Some disadvantages in rosenberg self esteem scale (1965). Psychological Exploration, (2), 88-91.

Wang, M., Dai, Xi., & Wu, Y. (2008). Psychometric studies of Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale of Chinese. Thesis Abstracts of National Academic Annual Meeting of the Education and Psychological Statistics and Measurement and the Eighth Cross-Strait Psychology and Educational Testing Symposium.

Han, X., Jiang, B., & Tang, J. et al. (2005). Problems and suggestions in using self-esteem scales. Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medical Science, 14(8), 763

Shen, Z., & Cai, T. (2008). Deal with the item 8 of rosenberg self esteem scale in Chinese version. Chinese Mental Health Journal, 22(9), 661-663.

Li Hong: 2004, The Measurement of Mental Health: Self Esteem Scale and Emotional Scale Comparison. Psychological Development and Education, (2), 75-79.

Yang, Y., & Wang, D. (2007). Revalidate the factor structure of Rosenberg self-esteem scale. Chinese Mental Health Journal, 21(9), 603-605.

Hou, J., Wen, Z., & Cheng, Z. (2004). Structural equation models and their applications. Beijing: Educational Science Publishing House.

Lin, X., & Huang, Z. (2010). Further discussing the treatment of the item 8 of Rosenberg self-esteem scale in Chinese version. Chinese Journal of School Doctor, 24(4), 263-265.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

Share us to:   


  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use three mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:;;

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Address1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada.

Website: Http:// Http://,

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture