China and the Darfur Crisis

Muhamad Olimat


Darfur is Sudan’s western region, and the site of one of the major crises of the early 21st Century that dominated world affairs from 2003 to 2009.  The Darfur Crisis competed for world attention with major contemporary issues such as the US invasion of Iraq, the War on Terror, the US presence in Afghanistan, the Arab-Israeli Conflict, the Kosovo crisis and the civil war in Democratic Republic of Congo.  China was largely held responsible for the overwhelming level of force utilized by the Sudanese Government in quelling peaceful protests in the region in spring and summer of 2003.  Its oil interests in the Sudan were identified as the main catalyst for its siding with the Sudanese government and shielding it from punitive measures by the international community. Other catalysts include trade relations and arms sales to Sudan. The objective of this article is to examine China’s policy and role in the management of the Darfur Crisis over the past ten years. It’s based on the thesis that, China’s lenient policy toward the Sudanese government, driven by its oil interests has encouraged the Sudanese government to utilize overwhelming force against Darfur’s legitimate protest with impunity.


Genocide; Sudan; Darfur; China; Oil.; Refugees; Humanitarian assistance; Violence

Full Text:



Bates, G., Huang, C. H., & Morrison, J. S. (2007). Assessing China’s Growing Influence in Africa. China Security, 3(3), 3-21.

Behbehani, H. S. H. (1981). China’s foreign policy in the Arab world (p.4). London: Key Person of Influence Publishing.

Colum, L. (2010, October 16, Saturday ). China fights U.N. report on darfur. Washington Post. Retrieved from

Holslag, J. (2008). China’s diplomatic maneuvering on the question of darfur. Journal of Contemporary China, 17(54), 71-84.

Kemp, G. ( 2010). The east moves west: India, China, and Asia’s growing presence in the Middle East (p.67). Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press.

Lowell, D., & Yu, G. T. (2010). China, the developing world and the new global dynamic (p.140). Lynne Rienner Publisher: Boulder.

Mawdsley, E. (2007). China and Africa: Emerging challenges to the geographies of power. Cerography Compass, 1(3), 405-421.

Patey, Luk. (2011). Sudan looks East: China, India and the politics of Asian alternatives (p.26). UK: James Currey.

Sautman, B., & Yan, H. R. (2007). Friends and interests: China’s distinctive links with Africa. African Studies Review, 50(3), 75-114.

Sutter, R. G. (2010). Chinese foreign relations: Power and policy since the cold war (p.321). Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc.: Lanham.

Taylor, I. (2009). China’s new role in Africa (p.51). Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Taylor, I. (2006). China’s oil diplomacy in Africa. International Affairs, 82(5), 937-959.

Zha, D. J. (2006). China’s energy security: Domestic and International Issue. Survival, 48(1), 179-190.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)


  • How to do online submission to another Journal?
  • If you have already registered in Journal A, then how can you submit another article to Journal B? It takes two steps to make it happen:

1. Register yourself in Journal B as an Author

  • Find the journal you want to submit to in CATEGORIES, click on “VIEW JOURNAL”, “Online Submissions”, “GO TO LOGIN” and “Edit My Profile”. Check “Author” on the “Edit Profile” page, then “Save”.

2. Submission

Online Submission

  • Go to “User Home”, and click on “Author” under the name of Journal B. You may start a New Submission by clicking on “CLICK HERE”.
  • We only use four mailboxes as follows to deal with issues about paper acceptance, payment and submission of electronic versions of our journals to databases:;;;

 Articles published in Canadian Social Science are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY).


Canadian Social Science Editorial Office

Address: 1020 Bouvier Street, Suite 400, Quebec City, Quebec, G2K 0K9, Canada.
Telephone: 1-514-558 6138 
Website: Http://; Http://;

Copyright © Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture