Analysis of the Decision-Making Process of Judges in Setting the Sentence

Marcos Antonio Santos, Hélio Luiz Fonseca Moreira, Amaurí Gouveia Júnior, Janari da Silva Pedroso


The study investigated the decision of judges, referring to the dosimetry of the base-penalty, applied to crimes of robbery and theft. A total of 1063 sentences were used, handed down in 12 criminal courts in Brazil, between 2019 and 2020. Legal factors were parameterized and subjected to statistical analysis. The results indicate the use of automated systems in the decisions made by judges, with bias influence, affecting the legality and constitutionality of sentences.


Decision-making; Criminal law; Dosimetry of the penalties; Biases

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